The cigarette smoke components induced the cell proliferation and epithelial to mesenchymal transition via production of reactive oxygen species in endometrial adenocarcinoma cells

Soo Min Kim, Kyung A. Hwang, DalWoong Choi, Kyung Chul Choi

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cigarette smoke (CS) causes about 480,000 deaths each year worldwide and is well-known to have harmful effects on the human body, leading to heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and cardiovascular problems. In the present study, the effects of acrylonitrile (AN), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), formaldehyde (FOR), isoprene (ISO), nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK), which are the main components of CS, on the proliferation, invasion, and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of human Ishikawa endometrial adenocarcinoma cells were investigated. Treating Ishikawa cells with CS components resulted in increased cell growth and altered expression of cell cycle-related genes: the protein expression of cyclin D & E increased, while the levels of p21 & p27 were reduced following treatment of these five CS components. In addition, CS components increased the invasion capacity of Ishikawa cells. The expression of the epithelial markers, E-cadherin and occludin, were significantly decreased, while the expression of the mesenchymal marker, N-cadherin, was significantly increased by CS components. In dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (H2DCF-DA) assay, ROS production increased by treatment of CS components. The CS components activated the ROS-p38 MAPK-EMT pathway by increasing the level of phosphorylated p38 MAPK and p44/42 (ERK1/2), and by up-regulating Snail and Slug, the transcription factors for EMT. Taken together, these results indicate that CS components can promote progression of endometrial adenocarcinoma via increasing cell proliferation and the ROS-mediated EMT process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-665
Number of pages9
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
cigarettes
Cell proliferation
smoke
adenocarcinoma
Smoke
Tobacco Products
reactive oxygen species
Reactive Oxygen Species
cell proliferation
Adenocarcinoma
Cell Proliferation
cells
cadherins
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Cadherins
mitogen-activated protein kinase
Acrylonitrile
Cyclin D
Occludin

Keywords

  • Cell cycle progression
  • Cigarette smoke compounds
  • EMT
  • Endometrial adenocarcinoma
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

Cite this

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title = "The cigarette smoke components induced the cell proliferation and epithelial to mesenchymal transition via production of reactive oxygen species in endometrial adenocarcinoma cells",
abstract = "Cigarette smoke (CS) causes about 480,000 deaths each year worldwide and is well-known to have harmful effects on the human body, leading to heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and cardiovascular problems. In the present study, the effects of acrylonitrile (AN), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), formaldehyde (FOR), isoprene (ISO), nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK), which are the main components of CS, on the proliferation, invasion, and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of human Ishikawa endometrial adenocarcinoma cells were investigated. Treating Ishikawa cells with CS components resulted in increased cell growth and altered expression of cell cycle-related genes: the protein expression of cyclin D & E increased, while the levels of p21 & p27 were reduced following treatment of these five CS components. In addition, CS components increased the invasion capacity of Ishikawa cells. The expression of the epithelial markers, E-cadherin and occludin, were significantly decreased, while the expression of the mesenchymal marker, N-cadherin, was significantly increased by CS components. In dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (H2DCF-DA) assay, ROS production increased by treatment of CS components. The CS components activated the ROS-p38 MAPK-EMT pathway by increasing the level of phosphorylated p38 MAPK and p44/42 (ERK1/2), and by up-regulating Snail and Slug, the transcription factors for EMT. Taken together, these results indicate that CS components can promote progression of endometrial adenocarcinoma via increasing cell proliferation and the ROS-mediated EMT process.",
keywords = "Cell cycle progression, Cigarette smoke compounds, EMT, Endometrial adenocarcinoma, Reactive oxygen species",
author = "Kim, {Soo Min} and Hwang, {Kyung A.} and DalWoong Choi and Choi, {Kyung Chul}",
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T1 - The cigarette smoke components induced the cell proliferation and epithelial to mesenchymal transition via production of reactive oxygen species in endometrial adenocarcinoma cells

AU - Kim, Soo Min

AU - Hwang, Kyung A.

AU - Choi, DalWoong

AU - Choi, Kyung Chul

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Cigarette smoke (CS) causes about 480,000 deaths each year worldwide and is well-known to have harmful effects on the human body, leading to heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and cardiovascular problems. In the present study, the effects of acrylonitrile (AN), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), formaldehyde (FOR), isoprene (ISO), nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK), which are the main components of CS, on the proliferation, invasion, and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of human Ishikawa endometrial adenocarcinoma cells were investigated. Treating Ishikawa cells with CS components resulted in increased cell growth and altered expression of cell cycle-related genes: the protein expression of cyclin D & E increased, while the levels of p21 & p27 were reduced following treatment of these five CS components. In addition, CS components increased the invasion capacity of Ishikawa cells. The expression of the epithelial markers, E-cadherin and occludin, were significantly decreased, while the expression of the mesenchymal marker, N-cadherin, was significantly increased by CS components. In dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (H2DCF-DA) assay, ROS production increased by treatment of CS components. The CS components activated the ROS-p38 MAPK-EMT pathway by increasing the level of phosphorylated p38 MAPK and p44/42 (ERK1/2), and by up-regulating Snail and Slug, the transcription factors for EMT. Taken together, these results indicate that CS components can promote progression of endometrial adenocarcinoma via increasing cell proliferation and the ROS-mediated EMT process.

AB - Cigarette smoke (CS) causes about 480,000 deaths each year worldwide and is well-known to have harmful effects on the human body, leading to heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and cardiovascular problems. In the present study, the effects of acrylonitrile (AN), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), formaldehyde (FOR), isoprene (ISO), nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK), which are the main components of CS, on the proliferation, invasion, and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of human Ishikawa endometrial adenocarcinoma cells were investigated. Treating Ishikawa cells with CS components resulted in increased cell growth and altered expression of cell cycle-related genes: the protein expression of cyclin D & E increased, while the levels of p21 & p27 were reduced following treatment of these five CS components. In addition, CS components increased the invasion capacity of Ishikawa cells. The expression of the epithelial markers, E-cadherin and occludin, were significantly decreased, while the expression of the mesenchymal marker, N-cadherin, was significantly increased by CS components. In dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (H2DCF-DA) assay, ROS production increased by treatment of CS components. The CS components activated the ROS-p38 MAPK-EMT pathway by increasing the level of phosphorylated p38 MAPK and p44/42 (ERK1/2), and by up-regulating Snail and Slug, the transcription factors for EMT. Taken together, these results indicate that CS components can promote progression of endometrial adenocarcinoma via increasing cell proliferation and the ROS-mediated EMT process.

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