The control of invasive Candida infection in very low birth weight infants by reduction in the use of 3rd generation cephalosporin

Yu Jin Chang, Il Rak Choi, Won Sub Shin, Jang Hoon Lee, Yun Kyung Kim, Moon Sung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of new management policies on the incidence of invasive Candida infections Methods: This observational study involved a retrospective analysis of the patients' medical records. In total, 99 very low birth weight infants, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Ajou University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2011, were enrolled for the study. Period I, defined as the period before the revision of management policies, comprised 57 infants; whereas, period II, defined as the period after the implementation of new management policies, comprised 42 infants. The new management policies entailed a reduction in antibiotic and histamine type 2 receptor blocker (H2 blocker) use, duration of central venous catheterization, and duration of endotracheal intubation. Results: There was a significant overall decrease in the use of antibiotics including 3rd generation cephalosporin and H2 blockers (P<0.05), and a significantly lower incidence of invasive Candida infections in period II as compared to period I (0/42 vs. 6/57, respectively; P=0.037). Comparison between infants with invasive Candida infections (n=6) and those without (n=93) showed that gestational age (odds ratio [OR], 0.909; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.829 to 0.996; P=0.042) and the duration of 3rd generation cephalosporin use (OR, 1.093; 95% CI, 1.009 to 1.183; P=0.029) were statistically significant risk factors. Conclusion: The new management policies effectively decreased overall use of antibiotics, especially 3rd generation cephalosporin, and H2 blockers, which led to a significantly lower incidence of invasive Candida infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-74
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Very Low Birth Weight Infant
Cephalosporins
Candida
Weight Loss
Infection
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Incidence
Odds Ratio
Central Venous Catheterization
Confidence Intervals
Histamine Receptors
Intratracheal Intubation
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Gestational Age
Medical Records
Observational Studies

Keywords

  • Invasive candidiasis
  • Nosocomial infection
  • Sepsis
  • Very low birth weight infant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

The control of invasive Candida infection in very low birth weight infants by reduction in the use of 3rd generation cephalosporin. / Chang, Yu Jin; Choi, Il Rak; Shin, Won Sub; Lee, Jang Hoon; Kim, Yun Kyung; Park, Moon Sung.

In: Korean Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 56, No. 2, 01.01.2013, p. 68-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Yu Jin ; Choi, Il Rak ; Shin, Won Sub ; Lee, Jang Hoon ; Kim, Yun Kyung ; Park, Moon Sung. / The control of invasive Candida infection in very low birth weight infants by reduction in the use of 3rd generation cephalosporin. In: Korean Journal of Pediatrics. 2013 ; Vol. 56, No. 2. pp. 68-74.
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