This study investigated leachate and morphological properties of electric-cooked rice (ECR), electric pressure-cooked rice (EPCR), and instant cooked rice (ICR) to explore the effects of cooking methods on eating quality of cooked rice. The leachate was obtained by rinsing cooked rice with warm water. EPCR had the highest amounts of total solid and amylopectin in the leachate and the highest contents of surface and bound lipid. The amylopectin branch chain length of leachate was not significantly different among rice samples. EPCR leachate solution showed the highest apparent viscosity and the greatest decline with increasing shear rate due to high amount of amylopectin. In morphological characteristics, degrees for disruption of the starch structure and compression of protein present in rice kernel were largest in EPCR. Textural hardness of ICR was much lower than that of ECR or EPCR. EPCR had the highest glossiness, stickiness, moistness, and overall acceptability scores. Principal component analysis score plot showed significant differences in leachate and textural characteristics of cooked rice according to cooking methods.
- Cooked rice
- Cooking methods
- Morphological characteristics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science