In this paper, we propose a new multicomputer node architecture, the DI-multicomputer which uses packet routing on a uniform point-to-point interconnect for both local memory access and internode communication. This is achieved by integrating a router into each processor chip and eliminating the memory bus interface. Since communication resources such as pins and wires are allocated dynamically via packet routing, the DI-multicomputer is able to maximize the available communication resources, providing much higher performance for both intranode and internode communication. Multi-packet handling mechanisms are used to implement a high performance memory interface based on packet routing. The DI-multicomputer network interface provides efficient communication for both short and long messages, decoupling the processor from the transmission overhead for long messages while achieving minimum latency for short messages. Trace-driven simulations based on a suite of message passing applications show that the communication mechanisms of the DI-multicomputer can achieve up to four times speedup when compared to existing architectures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Hardware and Architecture
- Control and Systems Engineering