The design and testing of a cooling system using mixed solid cryogen for a portable superconducting magnetic energy storage system

K. L. Kim, J. B. Song, J. H. Choi, S. H. Kim, D. Y. Koh, K. C. Seong, H. M. Chang, Haigun Lee

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20 Citations (Scopus)


A cooling system that uses solid nitrogen (SN2) as an effective heat capacity enhancer was recently introduced to enhance the thermal stability of the HTS SMES. Since SN2 has a large enthalpy with minimal weight, it enables a portable system by increasing the recooling to recooling time period (RRTP). However, contact between the SN2 and HTS SMES magnet can be broken by repeated thermal disturbances (thermal 'dry-out' phenomena). Therefore, it is essential to improve thermal contact to allow full use of the heat capacity of SN2. This study evaluated the effect of using a mixture containing SN2 and a small amount of a liquid cryogen as a cooling system in the HTS SMES system. The performance of the cooling system was evaluated using the mixed cryogen and compared with that of SN2 alone. In addition, the role of liquid neon (Ne) as a heat exchanger between SN2 and the HTS SMES magnet is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125006
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys

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