The design, fabrication and testing of a cooling system using solid nitrogen for a resistive high-Tc superconducting fault current limiter

J. B. Song, K. L. Kim, K. J. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. M. Kim, W. S. Kim, S. W. Yim, H. R. Kim, O. B. Hyun, H. G. Lee

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16 Citations (Scopus)


In general, conventional high-Tc superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) are operated by cooling systems with a liquid cryogen, such as liquid nitrogen (LN2). However, in the fault mode, LN2 evaporates because of joule heating in the SFCL module, so the SFCL system experiences an enormous increase in nitrogen gas volume. In this case, the thermal stability and protection of the system become the primary concerns for the design of the SFCL cooling system. In order to enhance the thermal stability and safety of the system, an SFCL cooled by solid nitrogen (SN2) as a large heat capacitor has been proposed as an alternative. In this paper we report the quench/recovery characteristics of a YBCO-coated conductor (CC) evaluated in an SN2 cooling system for the SFCL. A feasibility study is also conducted on the reference design codes and thermal requirements for the optimal design of the SN2 cooling system. The results demonstrate that the improved thermal contact obtained between the SN2 cooling system and the SFCL module renders the proposed system a suitable cryogen for the SFCL module. Detailed experimental results for the LN2 and SN2 cooling systems are presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115023
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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