The dynamics of a domain wall in ferrimagnets driven by spin-transfer torque

Dong Hyun Kim, Duck Ho Kim, Kab Jin Kim, Kyoung Woong Moon, Seungmo Yang, Kyung Jin Lee, Se Kwon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The spin-transfer-torque-driven (STT-driven) dynamics of a domain wall in an easy-axis rare-earth transition-metal ferrimagnet is investigated theoretically and numerically in the vicinity of the angular momentum compensation point TA, where the net spin density vanishes. The particular focus is given on the unusual interaction of the antiferromagnetic dynamics of a ferrimagnetic domain wall and the adiabatic component of STT, which is absent in antiferromagnets but exists in the ferrimagnets due to the dominant coupling of conduction electrons to transition-metal spins. Specifically, we first show that the STT-induced domain-wall velocity changes its sign across TA due to the sign change of the net spin density, giving rise to a phenomenon unique to ferrimagnets that can be used to characterize TA electrically. It is also shown that the frequency of the STT-induced domain-wall precession exhibits its maximum at TA and it can approach the spin-wave gap at sufficiently high currents. Lastly, we report a numerical observation that, as the current density increases, the domain-wall velocity starts to deviate from the linear-response result, calling for a more comprehensive theory for the domain-wall dynamics in ferrimagnets driven by a strong current.

Original languageEnglish
Article number167237
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume514
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 15

Keywords

  • Compensation point
  • Domain wall
  • Ferrimagnet
  • Nanomagnetism
  • Spin-transfer torque
  • Spintronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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