The economic burden of hepatitis A, B, and C in South Korea

Changwoo Shon, Hyung Yun Choi, Jae Jun Shim, So Youn Park, Kyung Suk Lee, Seok-Jun Yoon, In Hwan Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence of hepatitis in South Korea is relatively high compared to that in other high-income countries. For this reason, viral hepatitis infection not only affects the population’s health, but also impacts national healthcare costs. This study was performed in order to estimate the individual economic costs of the hepatitis A, B, and C viruses as well as to determine, using nationally representative data, the trends in South Korea with respect to these viruses during the 2008-2011 period. The study found that the prevalence of hepatitis A had decreased, but those of hepatitis B and C had increased overall. The mortality rate of hepatitis C was higher than that of the other two types. The mortality rate of hepatitis B had changed little, whereas that of hepatitis C had risen. The total cost of hepatitis A had decreased, from US $62.2 million to US $45.7 million, although a notable exception occurred in 2009, when the cost was US $126.6 million. Conversely, the total cost of hepatitis B had increased rapidly during the same period, from US $501.4 million to US $607.8 million. Finally, the total cost of hepatitis C had also increased from US $63.9 million to US $90.7 million. The direct costs of hepatitis A, B, and C were estimated to account for approximately 35.5z, 46.6z, and 58.0zof the total, respectively. These findings demonstrate the economic burden associated with hepatitis A, B, and C, and demonstrate the need to establish an effective prevention and management policy for future planning in South Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-27
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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