The effect and applications of acellular dermal allograft (AlloDerm ®) in ophthalmic plastic surgery

Minwook Chang, Soh Eun Ahn, Sehyun Baek

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose To describe the use and efficacy of AlloDerm® in ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of 31 eyes of 25 patients who underwent an AlloDerm ® graft procedure for correction of lower lid retraction, anophthalmic socket contraction, superior sulcus deformity, implant exposure, or skin defect. Clinical outcomes were measured by the degree of improvement and incidence of complications. Operation success and reoperation rates were also evaluated. Results There were 15 cases of lower lid retraction, 10 anophthalmic socket contractions, 2 superior sulcus deformities, 2 orbital implant exposures, and 2 periorbital skin defects. The mean age of the patients was 44.7 (±2.8) years. The mean follow-up period was 16.7 (±2.5) months. Twenty-seven eyes (87.1%) had successful outcomes and 4 eyes of 4 patients required further surgery. Three of those were due to undercorrection, and the other was due to severe adhesion. Applications of AlloDerm® skin substitute were satisfactory at the 6-month follow-up examination. There were no statistically significant factors, such as underlying causes or degrees and locations of defects that impacted on outcome. Conclusions AlloDerm ® is an excellent material for correction of lid retraction, contracted socket, superior sulcus deformity, and implant exposure. In patients for whom periorbital skin grafts or flaps are inappropriate or difficult to perform, the use of AlloDerm® to cover skin defects may be a good option.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)695-699
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
    Volume42
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul

    Keywords

    • Anophthalmic socket contraction
    • Lower lid retraction
    • Orbital implant exposure
    • Skin defect
    • Superior sulcus deformity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Oral Surgery
    • Otorhinolaryngology

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