The effect of a heating rate on the properties of Cu2ZnSnS 4 thin films solar cells

Kee Doo Lee, Se Won Seo, Doh Kwon Lee, Honggon Kim, Min Jae Ko, Bong Soo Kim, Dong Hwan Kim, Jin Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of the heating rate during the sulfurization process on the properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin film solar cells was investigated. A moderate heating rate of ∼10 °C/min was found to result in a modest solar cell performance (2 %), whereas the higher heating rates resulted in worse performances. In the CZTS thin films annealed with the highest heating rate, the segregation of Cu atoms towards the outer surface of the films, which is believed to lead to shunting of the solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalECS Transactions
Issue number51
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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