The effect of anode geometry on cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cell

Dongho Seo, Dong Nyeok Park, Sung Pil Yoon, SukWoo Nam, In Hwan Oh, Jonghee Han

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Ni-Al anodes of the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) with three different structures were successfully fabricated in order to reduce the thickness of anode; one was the non-supported anode made by a conventional tape casting method, and others were the supported anodes made by lamination or direct casting on the porous nickel screen. The single cell performances using the prepared anodes were demonstrated above more than 1,000h at operation temperature of 650°C. The cell performances of the non-supported anode, the laminated anode, and the direct cast anode were 0.835, 0.857, and 0.858V, respectively, at current density of 150mA/cm2. The corresponding amounts of nitrogen cross-over of the cell A, B, and C were 4.2, 1.0, and 0.6% at operation time around 1,000h. It was shown from these experimental results that the thin anode by direct casting method improved the mechanical strength and MCFC performance. The ability to utilize a thin configuration of anode should cut down the amount of nickel alloy, and consequently reduce its manufacturing cost.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition
PublisherENEA
Pages143-144
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9788882862541
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition, EFC 2011 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 2011 Dec 142011 Dec 16

Other

Other4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition, EFC 2011
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period11/12/1411/12/16

Fingerprint

Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Anodes
Geometry
Casting
Nickel alloys
Tapes
Strength of materials
Current density
Nickel
Nitrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Seo, D., Park, D. N., Yoon, S. P., Nam, S., Oh, I. H., & Han, J. (2011). The effect of anode geometry on cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cell. In EFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition (pp. 143-144). ENEA.

The effect of anode geometry on cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cell. / Seo, Dongho; Park, Dong Nyeok; Yoon, Sung Pil; Nam, SukWoo; Oh, In Hwan; Han, Jonghee.

EFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition. ENEA, 2011. p. 143-144.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Seo, D, Park, DN, Yoon, SP, Nam, S, Oh, IH & Han, J 2011, The effect of anode geometry on cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cell. in EFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition. ENEA, pp. 143-144, 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition, EFC 2011, Rome, Italy, 11/12/14.
Seo D, Park DN, Yoon SP, Nam S, Oh IH, Han J. The effect of anode geometry on cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cell. In EFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition. ENEA. 2011. p. 143-144
Seo, Dongho ; Park, Dong Nyeok ; Yoon, Sung Pil ; Nam, SukWoo ; Oh, In Hwan ; Han, Jonghee. / The effect of anode geometry on cell performance in molten carbonate fuel cell. EFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition. ENEA, 2011. pp. 143-144
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