The Effect of Child's School Entry on Maternal Employment: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from South Korea

Jaehee Choi, Haeil Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Public school is a form of highly subsidized, universal childcare and thus an important aspect of childcare policies. We examine the impact of a child's school entry on maternal employment in South Korea where mothers have been inactive in the labour force. We utilize a natural experiment where the school-age eligibility requirement in South Korea generates an exogenous variation in the cost of childcare and lends itself to a regression discontinuity design. Our findings suggest that for women with low levels of own or spouse's education, enrolling their children in school leads to a sizeable increase in labour force participation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1105
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of International Development
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1

Keywords

  • maternal employment
  • public school enrolment
  • regression discontinuity design
  • work–family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development

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