The Effect of Child's School Entry on Maternal Employment: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from South Korea

Jaehee Choi, Haeil Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Public school is a form of highly subsidized, universal childcare and thus an important aspect of childcare policies. We examine the impact of a child's school entry on maternal employment in South Korea where mothers have been inactive in the labour force. We utilize a natural experiment where the school-age eligibility requirement in South Korea generates an exogenous variation in the cost of childcare and lends itself to a regression discontinuity design. Our findings suggest that for women with low levels of own or spouse's education, enrolling their children in school leads to a sizeable increase in labour force participation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1105
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of International Development
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1

Fingerprint

South Korea
child care
discontinuity
regression
school
evidence
labor force participation
labor force
spouse
education
effect
experiment
costs
cost
labour force

Keywords

  • maternal employment
  • public school enrolment
  • regression discontinuity design
  • work–family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development

Cite this

The Effect of Child's School Entry on Maternal Employment : Regression Discontinuity Evidence from South Korea. / Choi, Jaehee; Jung, Haeil.

In: Journal of International Development, Vol. 29, No. 8, 01.11.2017, p. 1075-1105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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