The effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on Goldmann applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) in Asian subjects. Participants: The study included 40 eyes of 20 normal volunteers with no evidence of ocular disease. Methods: Forty eyes of 20 healthy volunteers were required to wear soft contact lenses for 2 hours to induce corneal swelling. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and IOP were measured before and immediately after contact lens wear using specular microscope, GAT, and DCT. The IOP measurements by GAT and DCT were compared. The changes in the CCT and the IOP measurements after wearing contact lenses were assessed. Results: The mean CCT of the 40 eyes evaluated was 532.6±31.6 μm. The mean IOP was 11.78±2.04 mmHg for the GAT and 14.46±1.89 mmHg for the DCT, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). After wearing contact lenses, the mean CCT was 553.2±34.3 μm, which was 20.6±12.9 μm greater than before wearing them (P<0.001). The mean IOP measurements of the GAT and DCT were decreased after wearing the contact lenses. The mean decrease of the GAT values was 0.43±1.95 mmHg, which was not statistically significant (P=0.175). However, the mean decrease of the DCT readings, which was 0.75±1.74 mm Hg, was statistically significant (P=0.010). Conclusion: The IOP measurements with DCT were significantly higher than those with GAT in healthy Asian eyes. Although the mean IOP measurements of both the GAT and the DCT were decreased in the edematous cornea, IOP measurements of the DCT were more affected by corneal edema than were the GAT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-375
Number of pages5
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume247
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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Corneal Edema
Contact Lenses
Manometry
Intraocular Pressure
Healthy Volunteers
Hydrophilic Contact Lens

Keywords

  • Corneal edema
  • Dynamic contour tonometry
  • Goldmann applanation tonometry
  • Intraocular pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "The effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on Goldmann applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry",
abstract = "Purpose: To evaluate the effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) in Asian subjects. Participants: The study included 40 eyes of 20 normal volunteers with no evidence of ocular disease. Methods: Forty eyes of 20 healthy volunteers were required to wear soft contact lenses for 2 hours to induce corneal swelling. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and IOP were measured before and immediately after contact lens wear using specular microscope, GAT, and DCT. The IOP measurements by GAT and DCT were compared. The changes in the CCT and the IOP measurements after wearing contact lenses were assessed. Results: The mean CCT of the 40 eyes evaluated was 532.6±31.6 μm. The mean IOP was 11.78±2.04 mmHg for the GAT and 14.46±1.89 mmHg for the DCT, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). After wearing contact lenses, the mean CCT was 553.2±34.3 μm, which was 20.6±12.9 μm greater than before wearing them (P<0.001). The mean IOP measurements of the GAT and DCT were decreased after wearing the contact lenses. The mean decrease of the GAT values was 0.43±1.95 mmHg, which was not statistically significant (P=0.175). However, the mean decrease of the DCT readings, which was 0.75±1.74 mm Hg, was statistically significant (P=0.010). Conclusion: The IOP measurements with DCT were significantly higher than those with GAT in healthy Asian eyes. Although the mean IOP measurements of both the GAT and the DCT were decreased in the edematous cornea, IOP measurements of the DCT were more affected by corneal edema than were the GAT.",
keywords = "Corneal edema, Dynamic contour tonometry, Goldmann applanation tonometry, Intraocular pressure",
author = "Oh, {Jong Hyun} and Chungkwon Yoo and Kim, {Yong Yeon} and Kim, {Hyo Myung} and Jong-Suk Song",
year = "2009",
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doi = "10.1007/s00417-008-0954-9",
language = "English",
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pages = "371--375",
journal = "Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie",
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T1 - The effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on Goldmann applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry

AU - Oh, Jong Hyun

AU - Yoo, Chungkwon

AU - Kim, Yong Yeon

AU - Kim, Hyo Myung

AU - Song, Jong-Suk

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - Purpose: To evaluate the effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) in Asian subjects. Participants: The study included 40 eyes of 20 normal volunteers with no evidence of ocular disease. Methods: Forty eyes of 20 healthy volunteers were required to wear soft contact lenses for 2 hours to induce corneal swelling. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and IOP were measured before and immediately after contact lens wear using specular microscope, GAT, and DCT. The IOP measurements by GAT and DCT were compared. The changes in the CCT and the IOP measurements after wearing contact lenses were assessed. Results: The mean CCT of the 40 eyes evaluated was 532.6±31.6 μm. The mean IOP was 11.78±2.04 mmHg for the GAT and 14.46±1.89 mmHg for the DCT, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). After wearing contact lenses, the mean CCT was 553.2±34.3 μm, which was 20.6±12.9 μm greater than before wearing them (P<0.001). The mean IOP measurements of the GAT and DCT were decreased after wearing the contact lenses. The mean decrease of the GAT values was 0.43±1.95 mmHg, which was not statistically significant (P=0.175). However, the mean decrease of the DCT readings, which was 0.75±1.74 mm Hg, was statistically significant (P=0.010). Conclusion: The IOP measurements with DCT were significantly higher than those with GAT in healthy Asian eyes. Although the mean IOP measurements of both the GAT and the DCT were decreased in the edematous cornea, IOP measurements of the DCT were more affected by corneal edema than were the GAT.

AB - Purpose: To evaluate the effect of contact lens-induced corneal edema on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) in Asian subjects. Participants: The study included 40 eyes of 20 normal volunteers with no evidence of ocular disease. Methods: Forty eyes of 20 healthy volunteers were required to wear soft contact lenses for 2 hours to induce corneal swelling. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and IOP were measured before and immediately after contact lens wear using specular microscope, GAT, and DCT. The IOP measurements by GAT and DCT were compared. The changes in the CCT and the IOP measurements after wearing contact lenses were assessed. Results: The mean CCT of the 40 eyes evaluated was 532.6±31.6 μm. The mean IOP was 11.78±2.04 mmHg for the GAT and 14.46±1.89 mmHg for the DCT, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). After wearing contact lenses, the mean CCT was 553.2±34.3 μm, which was 20.6±12.9 μm greater than before wearing them (P<0.001). The mean IOP measurements of the GAT and DCT were decreased after wearing the contact lenses. The mean decrease of the GAT values was 0.43±1.95 mmHg, which was not statistically significant (P=0.175). However, the mean decrease of the DCT readings, which was 0.75±1.74 mm Hg, was statistically significant (P=0.010). Conclusion: The IOP measurements with DCT were significantly higher than those with GAT in healthy Asian eyes. Although the mean IOP measurements of both the GAT and the DCT were decreased in the edematous cornea, IOP measurements of the DCT were more affected by corneal edema than were the GAT.

KW - Corneal edema

KW - Dynamic contour tonometry

KW - Goldmann applanation tonometry

KW - Intraocular pressure

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