With the assumption that the distinctive effect of provincial norms (versus general norms) derives from a spatial distance between the actors and reference groups, the present research examined whether the effect of two types of descriptive norms on consumers' sustainable behaviors can be moderated by construal-level messages. Both a laboratory (Study 1) and field experiment (Study 2) demonstrated that provincial norms (versus general norms) are more effective in encouraging consumers to participate in a sustainability campaign when paired with low-construal-level messages; but provincial norms are no longer superior to general norms when both norms are presented with high-construal-level messages. The findings collectively indicated that the congruence between types of descriptive norms and construal level messages leads to consumers' attitudinal and behavioral changes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Business and International Management