The effect of fast-food restaurants on childhood obesity: A school level analysis

Pedro A. Alviola IV, Rodolfo M. Nayga, Michael R. Thomsen, Diana Danforth, James Smartt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze, using an instrumental variable approach, the effect of the number of fast-food restaurants on school level obesity rates in Arkansas. Using distance to the nearest major highway as an instrument, our results suggest that exposure to fast-food restaurants can impact weight outcomes. Specifically, we find that the number of fast-food restaurants within a mile from the school can significantly affect school level obesity rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-119
Number of pages10
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan

Keywords

  • Childhood obesity
  • Fast-food restaurants
  • Instrumental variables
  • Schools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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