The effect of fresh gas flow rate and type of anesthesia machine on time to reach target sevoflurane concentration

Hye Won Shin, Hae Na Yu, Go Eun Bae, Hyub Huh, Ji Yong Park, Ji Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anesthesia machines have been developed by the application of new technology for rapid and easier control of anesthetic concentration. In this study, we used a test lung to investigate whether the time taken to reach the target sevoflurane concentration varies with the rate of fresh gas flow (FGF) and type of anesthesia machine (AM). Methods: We measured the times taken to reach the target sevoflurane concentration (2 minimum alveolar concentration = 4%) at variable rates of FGF (0.5, 1, or 3 L/min) and different types of AM (Primus®, Perseus®, and Zeus® [Zeus®-F; Zeus® fresh gas mode, Zeus®-A; Zeus® auto-mode]). Concomitant ventilation was supplied using 100% O2. The AMs were connected to a test lung. A sevoflurane vaporizer setting of 6% was used in Primus®, Perseus®, and Zeus®-F; a target end-tidal setting of 4% was used in Zeus®-A (from a vaporizer setting of 0%). The time taken to reach the target concentration was measured in every group. Results: When the same AM was used (Primus®, Perseus®, or Zeus®-F), the times to target concentration shortened as the FGF rate increased (P < 0.05). Conversely, when the same FGF rate was used, but with different AMs, the time to target concentration was shortest in Perseus®, followed by Primus®, and finally by Zeus®-F (P < 0.05). With regards to both modes of Zeus®, at FGF rates of 0.5 and 1 L/min, the time to target concentration was shorter in Zeus®-A than in Zeus®-F; however, the time was longer in Zeus®-A than in Zeus®-F at FGF rate of 3 L/min (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Shorter times taken to reach the target concentration were associated with high FGF rates, smaller internal volume of the AM, proximity of the fresh gas inlets to patients, absence of a decoupling system, and use of blower-driven ventilators in AM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalBMC Anesthesiology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 19

Keywords

  • Equipment design
  • Inhalation anesthetics
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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