The effect of impurities in bio-ethanol for direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell

Hary Devianto, Jonghee Han, Sung Pil Yoon, SukWoo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim, In Hwan Oh, Seong Ahn Hong, Ho In Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The effects of impurities in bio-ethanol, such as diethyl amine, acetic acid, methanol, and propanol, on the performance of direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) are investigated. Single cell with homeprepared Ni/MgO internal reforming catalyst are operated using bio-ethanol with 1% of impurities. The single cell test showed that introduction of diethyl amine and methanol into the fuel enhances the conversion and H2 selectivity. On the other hand, acetic acid and propanol in the fuel decreases the conversion and H2 selectivity. In addition, long term stabilities of the single cells are investigated and significant coke formation is found when the cell is operated with bio-ethanol with 1% of acetic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference
PublisherENEA
Pages117-118
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9788882862114
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications - Piero Lunghi Conference, EFC 2009 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 2009 Dec 152009 Dec 18

Other

Other3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications - Piero Lunghi Conference, EFC 2009
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period09/12/1509/12/18

Fingerprint

Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Reforming reactions
Acetic acid
Ethanol
Propanol
Impurities
Amines
Methanol
Coke
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Bio-ethanol
  • Impurities
  • MCFC
  • Reforming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Devianto, H., Han, J., Yoon, S. P., Nam, S., Lim, T. H., Oh, I. H., ... Lee, H. I. (2009). The effect of impurities in bio-ethanol for direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell. In EFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference (pp. 117-118). ENEA.

The effect of impurities in bio-ethanol for direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell. / Devianto, Hary; Han, Jonghee; Yoon, Sung Pil; Nam, SukWoo; Lim, Tae Hoon; Oh, In Hwan; Hong, Seong Ahn; Lee, Ho In.

EFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference. ENEA, 2009. p. 117-118.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Devianto, H, Han, J, Yoon, SP, Nam, S, Lim, TH, Oh, IH, Hong, SA & Lee, HI 2009, The effect of impurities in bio-ethanol for direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell. in EFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference. ENEA, pp. 117-118, 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications - Piero Lunghi Conference, EFC 2009, Rome, Italy, 09/12/15.
Devianto H, Han J, Yoon SP, Nam S, Lim TH, Oh IH et al. The effect of impurities in bio-ethanol for direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell. In EFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference. ENEA. 2009. p. 117-118
Devianto, Hary ; Han, Jonghee ; Yoon, Sung Pil ; Nam, SukWoo ; Lim, Tae Hoon ; Oh, In Hwan ; Hong, Seong Ahn ; Lee, Ho In. / The effect of impurities in bio-ethanol for direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell. EFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference. ENEA, 2009. pp. 117-118
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abstract = "The effects of impurities in bio-ethanol, such as diethyl amine, acetic acid, methanol, and propanol, on the performance of direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) are investigated. Single cell with homeprepared Ni/MgO internal reforming catalyst are operated using bio-ethanol with 1{\%} of impurities. The single cell test showed that introduction of diethyl amine and methanol into the fuel enhances the conversion and H2 selectivity. On the other hand, acetic acid and propanol in the fuel decreases the conversion and H2 selectivity. In addition, long term stabilities of the single cells are investigated and significant coke formation is found when the cell is operated with bio-ethanol with 1{\%} of acetic acid.",
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AU - Oh, In Hwan

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AB - The effects of impurities in bio-ethanol, such as diethyl amine, acetic acid, methanol, and propanol, on the performance of direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) are investigated. Single cell with homeprepared Ni/MgO internal reforming catalyst are operated using bio-ethanol with 1% of impurities. The single cell test showed that introduction of diethyl amine and methanol into the fuel enhances the conversion and H2 selectivity. On the other hand, acetic acid and propanol in the fuel decreases the conversion and H2 selectivity. In addition, long term stabilities of the single cells are investigated and significant coke formation is found when the cell is operated with bio-ethanol with 1% of acetic acid.

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