The effect of residual stress on the distortion of gray iron brake disks

M. W. Shin, G. H. Jang, J. K. Kim, H. Y. Kim, Ho Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal distortion of gray iron brake disks due to residual stress and its effect on brake vibrations were studied. The residual stress of heat- and non-heat-treated gray iron disks was measured using neutron scattering. Dynamometer tests were performed to measure the friction force oscillation caused by the disk runout during brake applications. High-temperature tensile tests were carried out to find out possible plastic deformation due to residual stress during brake applications. The results showed that the average residual stress of the heat-treated disk (47.6 MPa) was lower than that of the non-heat-treated disk (99.6 MPa). Dynamometer tests at high temperatures (up to 600 C) indicated that the residual stress pronounced the runout: the increase in disk runout after the tests for the non-heat-treated sample was more than twice that for the heat-treated sample. This difference correlated well with the neutron scattering results and the dimensional changes after a separate vacuum heat treatment. The high-temperature tensile tests showed severe reductions in yield strength at 600 C, suggesting that disks produced with no stress relaxation could be deformed during severe braking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1135
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Brakes
Residual stresses
Iron
Dynamometers
Neutron scattering
Stress relaxation
Braking
Temperature
Yield stress
Plastic deformation
Heat treatment
Vacuum
Friction
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • automotive
  • cast irons
  • heat treating
  • tribology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

The effect of residual stress on the distortion of gray iron brake disks. / Shin, M. W.; Jang, G. H.; Kim, J. K.; Kim, H. Y.; Jang, Ho.

In: Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 22, No. 4, 01.04.2013, p. 1129-1135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shin, M. W. ; Jang, G. H. ; Kim, J. K. ; Kim, H. Y. ; Jang, Ho. / The effect of residual stress on the distortion of gray iron brake disks. In: Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 4. pp. 1129-1135.
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