The effect of social isolation on depressive symptoms varies by neighborhood characteristics: A study of an urban sample of women with pre-school aged children

Julie Knoll Rajaratnam, Patricia O'Campo, Margaret O Brien Caughy, Carles Muntaner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine how individual characteristics, social isolation, and neighborhood context affect depressive symptoms in a socio-economically diverse population of women with young children. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 261 mothers from 68 neighborhoods in Baltimore between 1998 and 2000. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Neighborhood context was characterized using police and Census data. Multilevel regression was performed. Results: Socially isolated women reported on average 73% (95% CI, 48 and 92%) more depressive symptoms than women who were not socially isolated; however, the association of social isolation and depressive symptoms varied by level of crime in the neighborhood. Social isolation was associated with an average increase in depressive symptoms of 128% (95% CI, 115 and 138%) for women in low-crime neighborhoods but with no change for those in high-crime neighborhoods. The interaction remained significant after controlling for individual- and neighborhood-level socio-demographic characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-475
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Isolation
Depression
Crime
Baltimore
Police
Censuses
Epidemiologic Studies
Mothers
Demography
Interviews
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The effect of social isolation on depressive symptoms varies by neighborhood characteristics : A study of an urban sample of women with pre-school aged children. / Rajaratnam, Julie Knoll; O'Campo, Patricia; Caughy, Margaret O Brien; Muntaner, Carles.

In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, Vol. 6, No. 4, 01.10.2008, p. 464-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f3df95472e1f4f1f8b0e95e5bdd96de2,
title = "The effect of social isolation on depressive symptoms varies by neighborhood characteristics: A study of an urban sample of women with pre-school aged children",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine how individual characteristics, social isolation, and neighborhood context affect depressive symptoms in a socio-economically diverse population of women with young children. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 261 mothers from 68 neighborhoods in Baltimore between 1998 and 2000. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Neighborhood context was characterized using police and Census data. Multilevel regression was performed. Results: Socially isolated women reported on average 73{\%} (95{\%} CI, 48 and 92{\%}) more depressive symptoms than women who were not socially isolated; however, the association of social isolation and depressive symptoms varied by level of crime in the neighborhood. Social isolation was associated with an average increase in depressive symptoms of 128{\%} (95{\%} CI, 115 and 138{\%}) for women in low-crime neighborhoods but with no change for those in high-crime neighborhoods. The interaction remained significant after controlling for individual- and neighborhood-level socio-demographic characteristics.",
keywords = "Depression, Neighborhood, Pre-school aged children, Social isolation, Women",
author = "Rajaratnam, {Julie Knoll} and Patricia O'Campo and Caughy, {Margaret O Brien} and Carles Muntaner",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11469-007-9115-3",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "464--475",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction",
issn = "1557-1874",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of social isolation on depressive symptoms varies by neighborhood characteristics

T2 - A study of an urban sample of women with pre-school aged children

AU - Rajaratnam, Julie Knoll

AU - O'Campo, Patricia

AU - Caughy, Margaret O Brien

AU - Muntaner, Carles

PY - 2008/10/1

Y1 - 2008/10/1

N2 - Objectives: To examine how individual characteristics, social isolation, and neighborhood context affect depressive symptoms in a socio-economically diverse population of women with young children. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 261 mothers from 68 neighborhoods in Baltimore between 1998 and 2000. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Neighborhood context was characterized using police and Census data. Multilevel regression was performed. Results: Socially isolated women reported on average 73% (95% CI, 48 and 92%) more depressive symptoms than women who were not socially isolated; however, the association of social isolation and depressive symptoms varied by level of crime in the neighborhood. Social isolation was associated with an average increase in depressive symptoms of 128% (95% CI, 115 and 138%) for women in low-crime neighborhoods but with no change for those in high-crime neighborhoods. The interaction remained significant after controlling for individual- and neighborhood-level socio-demographic characteristics.

AB - Objectives: To examine how individual characteristics, social isolation, and neighborhood context affect depressive symptoms in a socio-economically diverse population of women with young children. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 261 mothers from 68 neighborhoods in Baltimore between 1998 and 2000. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Neighborhood context was characterized using police and Census data. Multilevel regression was performed. Results: Socially isolated women reported on average 73% (95% CI, 48 and 92%) more depressive symptoms than women who were not socially isolated; however, the association of social isolation and depressive symptoms varied by level of crime in the neighborhood. Social isolation was associated with an average increase in depressive symptoms of 128% (95% CI, 115 and 138%) for women in low-crime neighborhoods but with no change for those in high-crime neighborhoods. The interaction remained significant after controlling for individual- and neighborhood-level socio-demographic characteristics.

KW - Depression

KW - Neighborhood

KW - Pre-school aged children

KW - Social isolation

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=55949113283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=55949113283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11469-007-9115-3

DO - 10.1007/s11469-007-9115-3

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:55949113283

VL - 6

SP - 464

EP - 475

JO - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

JF - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

SN - 1557-1874

IS - 4

ER -