The effect of tertiary-butyl alcohol on the texturing of crystalline silicon solar cells

Hayoung Park, Joon Sung Lee, Hee Jin Lim, Donghwan Kim, Soonwoo Kwon, Sewang Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of adding different alcohols to the KOH solution used for texturing crystalline silicon have been studied. Instead of using isopropyl alcohol (IPA), the most commonly used alcohol additive in surface texturing, we added tertiary-butyl alcohol (TBA). The use of this alcohol resulted in smaller pyramids forming on the silicon surface. Controlling the surface morphology of the silicon is one of the main concerns when using texturing technology to produce solar cells. It is known that alcohol additives influence the silicon etching rate, in other meaning the etching anisotropy. Due to its low dielectric constant and polarity, TBA reduced the tension of silicon surface. This improved the resulting surface morphology, which consisted of 2 ̃ 4 μm-sized pyramids. We obtained images of surface morphology data using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). In addition, surface reflectance was measured by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1767-1771
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Issue number5 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov


  • Random pyramids
  • Silicon solar cells
  • Tertiary-butyl alcohol
  • Texturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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