The effect of water on direct ethanol molten carbonate fuel cell

Hary Devianto, Zhenlan Li, Sung Pil Yoon, Jonghee Han, SukWoo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim, Ho In Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bio-ethanol can be used directly as a fuel in molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). Unfortunately, the high water content of bio-ethanol has several negative effects; decrease in performance, electrolyte loss due to evaporation, and corrosion of anode cell frame. This research was conducted to overcome the negative effects without degrading MCFC's performance and stability. A decrease in performance due to low H2 contents was unavoidable. An electrolyte loss was minimized when the recycling method was used. The optimum recycling ratio was achieved when the flow rate ratio of output to recycle was in the range of 0.7-1. A corrosion of the cell frame was successfully blocked by Ni-electroplated cell frame. This system was successfully tested for over 2000 h without any decrease in performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-8
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume146
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 15
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFC)
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Electrolytes
Recycling
Ethanol
Corrosion
Water
Water content
Anodes
Evaporation
Flow rate

Keywords

  • Corrosion
  • Ethanol
  • MCFC
  • Recycling
  • Water effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Devianto, H., Li, Z., Yoon, S. P., Han, J., Nam, S., Lim, T. H., & Lee, H. I. (2009). The effect of water on direct ethanol molten carbonate fuel cell. Catalysis Today, 146(1-2), 2-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2008.12.017

The effect of water on direct ethanol molten carbonate fuel cell. / Devianto, Hary; Li, Zhenlan; Yoon, Sung Pil; Han, Jonghee; Nam, SukWoo; Lim, Tae Hoon; Lee, Ho In.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 146, No. 1-2, 15.08.2009, p. 2-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Devianto, H, Li, Z, Yoon, SP, Han, J, Nam, S, Lim, TH & Lee, HI 2009, 'The effect of water on direct ethanol molten carbonate fuel cell', Catalysis Today, vol. 146, no. 1-2, pp. 2-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2008.12.017
Devianto, Hary ; Li, Zhenlan ; Yoon, Sung Pil ; Han, Jonghee ; Nam, SukWoo ; Lim, Tae Hoon ; Lee, Ho In. / The effect of water on direct ethanol molten carbonate fuel cell. In: Catalysis Today. 2009 ; Vol. 146, No. 1-2. pp. 2-8.
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