The effects of cognitive training on community-dwelling elderly Koreans

M. S. Song, D. Y. Kwon, W. K. Seo, K. S. Lim, M. H. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accessible summary The cognitive training programme conducted by visiting nursing services was more effective in community-dwelling, elderly Koreans with cognitive dysfunction. The elderly who received cognitive training later could be improved and caught up their cognitive function. Abstract The objective of this study was to apply and test the effects of cognitive training on community-dwelling, elderly Koreans. The cognitive training was applied for 24 weeks to 129 elderly participants. The participants were divided into two groups to receive either cognitive training followed by observational period, or observational period followed by cognitive training. The primary outcome measures were the geriatric depression scale (Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form-Korean, GDS-SF-K) and mini-mental status examination (Mini-Mental State Examination in the Korean version, MMSE-KC) scores. There were no differences between the average GDS-SF-K and MMSE-KC scores of the two groups. However, the participants with cognitive dysfunction (defined as baseline MMSE below the 16th percentile according to age, sex and educational level) who received cognitive training initially had significantly improved MMSE-KC score on weeks 8 and 16, compared with the participants with cognitive dysfunction who were observed first. However, the participants who received cognitive training later did in fact catch up with the other group in terms of MMSE-KC score. Cognitive training by visiting nursing services was more effective in the elderly with cognitive dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-909
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec

Keywords

  • Cognitive function
  • Cognitive training
  • Community-dwelling elderly Korean
  • Visiting nursing services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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