The effects of human recombinant granulocyte-colony stimulating factor treatment during in vitro maturation of porcine oocyte on subsequent embryonic development

Lian Cai, Yubyeol Jeon, Junchul David Yoon, Seon Ung Hwang, Eunhye Kim, Kyu Mi Park, Kyu Jun Kim, Ming Hui Jin, Eunsong Lee, Hyunggee Kim, Eui Bae Jeung, Sang Hwan Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is required for proliferation, differentiation, and survival of cells. It is also a biomarker of human oocyte developmental competence for embryo implantation. In humans, the G-CSF concentration peaks during the ovulatory phase of the ovarian cycle. In this study, the expressions of G-CSF and its receptor were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction in granulosa cells (GCs), CL, cumulus cells (CCs), and oocytes. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were aspirated from antral follicles of 1 to 3 mm (small follicles) and 4 to 6 mm (medium follicles). Cumulus-oocyte complexes from two kinds of follicles were matured in protein-free maturation medium supplemented with various concentrations of G-CSF (0, 10, and 100 ng/mL). By real-time polymerase chain reaction, the expressions of G-CSF and its receptor were detected in GCs, CL, CCs, and oocytes. Interestingly, the G-CSF transcript levels were significantly lower in oocytes than in the other cell types, whereas the G-CSF receptor transcript levels in oocytes were similar to those in GCs. After 44 hours of IVM, no differences in the rate of nuclear maturation were detected; however, the intracellular reactive oxygen species levels in oocytes from both groups of follicles matured with 10 ng/mL of human recombinant G-CSF (hrG-CSF) groups were significantly lower (P < 0.05). After parthenogenetic activation, the cleavage rates were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in 100 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated small (63.3%) follicles than in 0, 10 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated small (38.6% and 49.0%, respectively) follicles and 0 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated medium (52.1%) follicles, and the cleavage rates were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in 10 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated medium (76.3%) follicles than in all other groups. The blastocyst formation rates were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in 100 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated small (31.2%) follicles than in 0 and 10 ng/mL hrG-CSF small (10.4% and 15.6%, respectively) follicles, and the 10 ng/mL hrG-CSF medium (45.7%) follicle was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than in all other groups. The total cell number in blastocysts from the 10 ng/mL hrG-CSF medium (106.5) follicles was significantly (P < 0.05) increased compared to 0, 10, 100 ng/mL hrG-CSF small (55.0, 73.7 and 59.5, respectively) follicles and 0, 100 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated medium (82.5 and 93.5, respectively) follicles. After IVF, the blastocysts stage was significantly (P < 0.05) increased in 10 ng/mL hrG-CSF-treated medium (36.4%) follicles. Fertilization efficiency was significantly high in 100 ng/mL of small (29.1%) and 10 ng/mL of medium (44.0%) follicles. We also examined the Bcl2 and ERK2 transcript levels and found that they were significantly higher in the small and medium follicle treatment groups. In conclusion, these results indicate that hrG-CSF improve the viability of porcine embryos.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1087
Number of pages13
JournalTheriogenology
Volume84
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 15

Keywords

  • Follicle size
  • Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
  • IVM
  • Oocyte
  • Porcine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine
  • Food Animals
  • Small Animals

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