The Effects of L1-L2 Phonological Mappings on L2 Phonological Sensitivity

Jeong Eun Kim, Yejin Cho, Youngsun Cho, Yeonjung Hong, Seohyun Kim, Hosung Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines the effects of asymmetrical mappings of L2 sounds to L1 sounds on real-time processing of L2 phonology. L1-Korean participants completed a self-paced listening (SPL) task paired with a picture verification (PV) task, in which an English sentence was presented word by word along with a picture that matched or mismatched the sentence. In the critical region, an L2 vowel was deliberately replaced with the wrong vowel for two types of English vowel pairs: Type 1: English vowel pairs showing a one-to-one mapping to Korean counterparts (e.g., English:/i/and/æ/to Korean/i/and/æ/, respectively); and Type 2: English vowel pairs showing a two-to-one mapping to a Korean counterpart (e.g., English/i/and to Korean/i/). We analyzed response times (RTs) and PV accuracy. Longer RTs were observed for Type 1 errors than Type 2 errors, indicating lower sensitivity to L2 vowels with two-to-one mapping to an L1 vowel. Also, PV accuracy was lower for the sentences containing Type 2 errors. These results suggest that asymmetrical L2-L1 sound mapping can affect learners' processing of L2 phonological knowledge, which in turn can negatively affect their comprehension.

Original languageEnglish
JournalStudies in Second Language Acquisition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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