The effects of pre-emptive low-dose X-ray irradiation on MIA induced inflammatory pain in rats

Suk Chan Hahm, Go Eun Lee, Eun Hye Kim, Junesun Kim, Taewoong Lee, Wonho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the effect of pre-emptive low-dose irradiation on the development of inflammatory pain and to characterize the potential mechanisms underlying this effect in osteoarthritis (OA) animal model. Whole-body X-irradiations with 0.1, 0.5, 1 Gy or sham irradiations were performed for 3 days before the induction of ostearthritis with monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) (40 μl, in saline) into the right knee joint in male Sprague Dawley rats. Behavioral tests for arthritic pain including evoked and non-evoked pain were conducted before and after MIA injection and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) expression level was measured by western blot. Low-dose radiation significantly prevented the development of mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia and reduction in weight bearing that is regarded as a behavioral signs of non-evoked pain following MIA injection. Low-dose radiation significantly inhibited the increase in iNOS expression after MIA injection in spinal L3-5 segments in rat. These data suggest that low-dose X-irradiation is able to prevent the development of arthritic pain through modulation of iNOS expression in the spinal cord dorsal horn. Thus, low-dose radiotherapy could be substituted in part for treatment with drugs for patients with chronic inflammatory disease in clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul

Keywords

  • Allodynia
  • Inflammatory pain
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Spontaneous pain
  • Thermal hyperadesia
  • X-radiation
  • iNOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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