The emerging frontier of plant immunity's core hubs

Michail Iakovidis, Eui Hwan Chung, Svenja C. Saile, Elke Sauberzweig, Farid El Kasmi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The ever-growing world population, increasingly frequent extreme weather events and conditions, emergence of novel devastating crop pathogens and the social strive for quality food products represent a huge challenge for current and future agricultural production systems. To address these challenges and find realistic solutions, it is becoming more important by the day to understand the complex interactions between plants and the environment, mainly the associated organisms, but in particular pathogens. In the past several years, research in the fields of plant pathology and plant–microbe interactions has enabled tremendous progress in understanding how certain receptor-based plant innate immune systems function to successfully prevent infections and diseases. In this review, we highlight and discuss some of these new ground-breaking discoveries and point out strategies of how pathogens counteract the function of important core convergence hubs of the plant immune system. For practical reasons, we specifically place emphasis on potential applications that can be detracted by such discoveries and what challenges the future of agriculture has to face, but also how these challenges could be tackled.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFEBS Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • ETI
  • NLRs
  • PRRs
  • PTI
  • agricultural applications
  • pathogen effectors
  • plant immunity
  • sensor and helper NLRs
  • suppression of immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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