The essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso induces vasorelaxation of the mouse aorta by activating K + channels and inhibiting Ca 2+ influx

Purum Kang, Suk Hyo Suh, Sun Seek Min, Geun Hee Seol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso (bergamot) on mouse blood vessels and to analyse the mechanism of this effect from a pharmacological perspective. Methods We investigated the effect of bergamot essential oil (BEO) on vascular tonus during contraction of mouse aorta induced by prostaglandin F (PGF) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine). Key findings In mouse aortic rings, BEO (0.01, 0.1 and 0.2% v/v) reduced contraction in a dose-dependent manner, and relaxed the vascular tonus induced by PGF . No significant difference in the extent of vasorelaxation induced by 0.1% (v/v) BEO was evident when rings with intact endothelium and endothelium-denuded rings were compared. When aortic rings were suspended in a medium that was Ca2+-free but contained 80 mm KCl, addition of CaCl2 (1, 2.5 or 5 mm) induced contraction in a dose-dependent manner. However, addition of Ca2+ after incubation of the rings with BEO strongly suppressed CaCl2-induced contraction. Further, the K+-channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride partially blocked BEO-induced vasorelaxation. Conclusions Our findings suggest that BEO may induce endothelium-independent vasorelaxation by regulating the vascular tone of smooth muscle. Activation of K+ channels and inhibition of Ca 2+ influx may be involved in vasorelaxation of mouse aorta elicited by BEO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-749
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 1

Fingerprint

Citrus
Volatile Oils
Vasodilation
Aorta
Endothelium
Blood Vessels
Norepinephrine
Tetraethylammonium
Dinoprost
Prostaglandins F
bergamot oil
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Ca influx
  • Citrus bergamia Risso
  • K channel
  • vasorelaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

The essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso induces vasorelaxation of the mouse aorta by activating K + channels and inhibiting Ca 2+ influx. / Kang, Purum; Suh, Suk Hyo; Min, Sun Seek; Seol, Geun Hee.

In: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 65, No. 5, 01.05.2013, p. 745-749.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso (bergamot) on mouse blood vessels and to analyse the mechanism of this effect from a pharmacological perspective. Methods We investigated the effect of bergamot essential oil (BEO) on vascular tonus during contraction of mouse aorta induced by prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine). Key findings In mouse aortic rings, BEO (0.01, 0.1 and 0.2{\%} v/v) reduced contraction in a dose-dependent manner, and relaxed the vascular tonus induced by PGF 2α. No significant difference in the extent of vasorelaxation induced by 0.1{\%} (v/v) BEO was evident when rings with intact endothelium and endothelium-denuded rings were compared. When aortic rings were suspended in a medium that was Ca2+-free but contained 80 mm KCl, addition of CaCl2 (1, 2.5 or 5 mm) induced contraction in a dose-dependent manner. However, addition of Ca2+ after incubation of the rings with BEO strongly suppressed CaCl2-induced contraction. Further, the K+-channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride partially blocked BEO-induced vasorelaxation. Conclusions Our findings suggest that BEO may induce endothelium-independent vasorelaxation by regulating the vascular tone of smooth muscle. Activation of K+ channels and inhibition of Ca 2+ influx may be involved in vasorelaxation of mouse aorta elicited by BEO.",
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AB - Objectives The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the essential oil of Citrus bergamia Risso (bergamot) on mouse blood vessels and to analyse the mechanism of this effect from a pharmacological perspective. Methods We investigated the effect of bergamot essential oil (BEO) on vascular tonus during contraction of mouse aorta induced by prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine). Key findings In mouse aortic rings, BEO (0.01, 0.1 and 0.2% v/v) reduced contraction in a dose-dependent manner, and relaxed the vascular tonus induced by PGF 2α. No significant difference in the extent of vasorelaxation induced by 0.1% (v/v) BEO was evident when rings with intact endothelium and endothelium-denuded rings were compared. When aortic rings were suspended in a medium that was Ca2+-free but contained 80 mm KCl, addition of CaCl2 (1, 2.5 or 5 mm) induced contraction in a dose-dependent manner. However, addition of Ca2+ after incubation of the rings with BEO strongly suppressed CaCl2-induced contraction. Further, the K+-channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride partially blocked BEO-induced vasorelaxation. Conclusions Our findings suggest that BEO may induce endothelium-independent vasorelaxation by regulating the vascular tone of smooth muscle. Activation of K+ channels and inhibition of Ca 2+ influx may be involved in vasorelaxation of mouse aorta elicited by BEO.

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