The expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and 2 in nasal polyp-derived epithelial cells and its possible contribution to glucocorticoid activation in nasal polyp

Jin Ho Kook, Hyun Jin Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Se Jin Park, Tae Hoon Kim, Sae Hee Lim, Sung Hoon Kang, Sang Hag Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The actions of glucocorticoids in target tissues depend on the local metabolism of glucocorticoids catalyzed by 11β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) 1 and 2. Glucocorticoids are the most effective anti-inflammatory drugs in the treatment of nasal polyps. However, the mechanisms that underlie the anti-inflammatory effects are unclear. Objective: The present study analyzed the expression of 11β-HSD1, 11β-HSD2, and steroidogenic enz s (cytochrom P450, family 11, subfamily B, polypeptide 1 [CYP11B1]; cytochrome P450, family 11, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 [CYP11A1]) in nasal polyp tissues, and endogenous cortisol levels in nasal polyp-derived epithelial cells. Methods: The expression levels and distribution pattern of11β-HSD1, 11β-HSD2, CYP11B1, and CYP11A1 were determined in nasal polyp tissues or nasal polyp-derived epithelial cells by using real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry testing. The expression levels of cortisol by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were determined in cultured polyp-derived epithelial cells treated with adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), 11β-HSD1 inhibitor, or small interfering ribonucleic acid technique. The effect of glucocorticoids on the expression levels of these enzymes was investigated in cultured cells. Results: Expressed in nasal polyp tissues and nasal polyp-derived epithelial cells were 11β-HSD1, 11β-HSD2, CYP11B1, and CYP11A1. Cortisol production in cultured epithelial cells was decreased in cells treated with 11β-HSD1 small interfering ribonucleic acid or inhibitor, compared with nontreated cells. Cultured cells treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone induced increased cortisol production. 11β-HSD1 expression levels were upregulated in cells treated with glucocorticoid. Conclusions: Analysis of these results indicated th t 11β-HSD1 expressed in polyp-derived epithelial cells may be involved in the anti-inflammatory function of glucocorticoid in the treatment of nasal polyps, which contributes to increased levels of endogenous cortisol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-250
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and 2 in nasal polyp-derived epithelial cells and its possible contribution to glucocorticoid activation in nasal polyp'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this