The fatty acid and monosaccharide compositions of three neutral and three phosphorylated glycolipids isolated from Leishmania donovani promastigotes grown in a chemically defined medium

Michael A. Wyder, Dong Geun Sul, Edna S. Kaneshiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several lipids and macromolecular lipoconjugates of Leishmania spp. have now been well characterized; however, the glycolipids of L. donovani have not been thoroughly examined. In the present study, 3 neutral and 3 phosphorylated glycolipids were detected in promastigote forms of the organism grown in a chemically defined medium. The fatty acid and sugar compositions of these glycolipids, isolated and purified by adsorption column chromatography and thin-layer chromatographic procedures, were identified and quantified by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Myristate (14:0), palmitate (16:0), palmitoleate (16:1), stearate (18:0), oleate (18:1), and linoleate (18:2) were the major fatty acids in all 6 glycolipids. Arabinose, mannose, glucose, and galactose were detected in the glycolipids. The biochemical nature of these lipids suggested that the major components in the isolated preparations of the 6 glycolipids are diacylglycerophospholipids, distinct from the major precursors of macromolecular lipoconjugates such as the lipid anchors of cell surface antigens that have been reported. These appear to be terminal products of lipid biosynthesis in this parasite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-778
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Leishmania donovani
promastigotes
monosaccharide
Monosaccharides
glycolipids
Glycolipids
monosaccharides
Fatty Acids
fatty acid
lipid
fatty acids
Lipids
lipids
Organism Forms
antigen
anchor
chromatography
Stearates
liquid chromatography
sugar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology

Cite this

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title = "The fatty acid and monosaccharide compositions of three neutral and three phosphorylated glycolipids isolated from Leishmania donovani promastigotes grown in a chemically defined medium",
abstract = "Several lipids and macromolecular lipoconjugates of Leishmania spp. have now been well characterized; however, the glycolipids of L. donovani have not been thoroughly examined. In the present study, 3 neutral and 3 phosphorylated glycolipids were detected in promastigote forms of the organism grown in a chemically defined medium. The fatty acid and sugar compositions of these glycolipids, isolated and purified by adsorption column chromatography and thin-layer chromatographic procedures, were identified and quantified by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Myristate (14:0), palmitate (16:0), palmitoleate (16:1), stearate (18:0), oleate (18:1), and linoleate (18:2) were the major fatty acids in all 6 glycolipids. Arabinose, mannose, glucose, and galactose were detected in the glycolipids. The biochemical nature of these lipids suggested that the major components in the isolated preparations of the 6 glycolipids are diacylglycerophospholipids, distinct from the major precursors of macromolecular lipoconjugates such as the lipid anchors of cell surface antigens that have been reported. These appear to be terminal products of lipid biosynthesis in this parasite.",
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T1 - The fatty acid and monosaccharide compositions of three neutral and three phosphorylated glycolipids isolated from Leishmania donovani promastigotes grown in a chemically defined medium

AU - Wyder, Michael A.

AU - Sul, Dong Geun

AU - Kaneshiro, Edna S.

PY - 1999/10/1

Y1 - 1999/10/1

N2 - Several lipids and macromolecular lipoconjugates of Leishmania spp. have now been well characterized; however, the glycolipids of L. donovani have not been thoroughly examined. In the present study, 3 neutral and 3 phosphorylated glycolipids were detected in promastigote forms of the organism grown in a chemically defined medium. The fatty acid and sugar compositions of these glycolipids, isolated and purified by adsorption column chromatography and thin-layer chromatographic procedures, were identified and quantified by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Myristate (14:0), palmitate (16:0), palmitoleate (16:1), stearate (18:0), oleate (18:1), and linoleate (18:2) were the major fatty acids in all 6 glycolipids. Arabinose, mannose, glucose, and galactose were detected in the glycolipids. The biochemical nature of these lipids suggested that the major components in the isolated preparations of the 6 glycolipids are diacylglycerophospholipids, distinct from the major precursors of macromolecular lipoconjugates such as the lipid anchors of cell surface antigens that have been reported. These appear to be terminal products of lipid biosynthesis in this parasite.

AB - Several lipids and macromolecular lipoconjugates of Leishmania spp. have now been well characterized; however, the glycolipids of L. donovani have not been thoroughly examined. In the present study, 3 neutral and 3 phosphorylated glycolipids were detected in promastigote forms of the organism grown in a chemically defined medium. The fatty acid and sugar compositions of these glycolipids, isolated and purified by adsorption column chromatography and thin-layer chromatographic procedures, were identified and quantified by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Myristate (14:0), palmitate (16:0), palmitoleate (16:1), stearate (18:0), oleate (18:1), and linoleate (18:2) were the major fatty acids in all 6 glycolipids. Arabinose, mannose, glucose, and galactose were detected in the glycolipids. The biochemical nature of these lipids suggested that the major components in the isolated preparations of the 6 glycolipids are diacylglycerophospholipids, distinct from the major precursors of macromolecular lipoconjugates such as the lipid anchors of cell surface antigens that have been reported. These appear to be terminal products of lipid biosynthesis in this parasite.

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