The genes encoding geranylgeranyl transferase α-subunit and transglutaminase 1 are very closely linked but not functionally related in terminally differentiating keratinocytes

Hae Jun Song, Antonello Rossi, Roberta Ceci, In Gyu Kim, Mario A. Anzano, Shyh Ing Jang, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Peter M. Steinert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report here the entire exon/intron structure of the gene encoding the α-subunit of human Rab geranylgeranyl transferase (RABGGTA) gene, which is positioned in a tandem head-to-tail arrangement with the transglutaminase 1 (TGM1) gene, and its polyadenylation signal sequence is located just 2.3 kbp upstream of the capsite of TGM1. Even though TGM1 and RABGGTA have different functions, their close localization raised the question as to whether they are functionally related in the epidermis. To address this question, we have studied the expression of the two genes by RT-PCR in normal human epidermal keratinocytes cultured under various differentiation conditions. While the expression of the TGM1 gene is markedly affected by the calcium concentration of the medium, all trans retinoic acid, vitamin D3, and TPA treatment, the expression of the RAB-GGTA gene was unaffected by these reagents. Taken together, even though these two genes are unusually closely linked, they are not functionally related in the terminal differentiation program of epidermal keratinocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-14
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume235
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jun 9
Externally publishedYes

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Gene encoding
Transferases
Keratinocytes
Genes
Polyadenylation
Cholecalciferol
Protein Sorting Signals
Tretinoin
Epidermis
Introns
transglutaminase 1
Exons
Calcium
Gene Expression
Polymerase Chain Reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The genes encoding geranylgeranyl transferase α-subunit and transglutaminase 1 are very closely linked but not functionally related in terminally differentiating keratinocytes. / Song, Hae Jun; Rossi, Antonello; Ceci, Roberta; Kim, In Gyu; Anzano, Mario A.; Jang, Shyh Ing; De Laurenzi, Vincenzo; Steinert, Peter M.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 235, No. 1, 09.06.1997, p. 10-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Song, Hae Jun ; Rossi, Antonello ; Ceci, Roberta ; Kim, In Gyu ; Anzano, Mario A. ; Jang, Shyh Ing ; De Laurenzi, Vincenzo ; Steinert, Peter M. / The genes encoding geranylgeranyl transferase α-subunit and transglutaminase 1 are very closely linked but not functionally related in terminally differentiating keratinocytes. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 1997 ; Vol. 235, No. 1. pp. 10-14.
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