The immediate effect of adenotonsillectomy on Eustachian tube function in children

Ji Ho Choi, Hee Chul Yoon, Tae Min Kim, June Choi, Il Ho Park, Tae-Hoon Kim, Heung Man Lee, Sang Hag Lee, Seung Hoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on immediate Eustachian tube (E-tube) function in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Methods: All children who were scheduled to undergo adenotonsillectomy were assessed. Physical examinations were performed on the preoperative day, and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Exams included visual inspection of the tympanic membrane and tympanometry including measurement of middle ear pressure (MEP) (daPa). The children were divided into four types (AA, CA, CC, and BB types) based on the tympanometric results of postoperative days 1 and 2. Results: A total of 50 ears from 25 children (mean age±standard deviation [SD]=8.6±3.2; male/female=10/15; mean body mass index±SD [kg/m<sup>2</sup>]=18.5±3.7) were included. The rates of AA, CA, CC, and BB types were 10% (5/50), 14% (7/50), 74% (37/50), and 2% (1/50), respectively. On postoperative day 2, 76% of cases were abnormal or unresolved (38/50), while 24% were normal or resolved (12/50). There were significant decreases in MEP both before and after adenotonsillectomy (p's<0.001). However, there were no significant differences in the MEPs measured on postoperative days 1 and 2. There were no significant differences between the right and left ears with regard to the MEPs on the preoperative day, or postoperative days 1 and 2. Conclusions: Immediate E-tube dysfunction is a relatively common complication in children after adenotonsillectomy. Therefore, in the setting of immediate E-tube dysfunction, it is important to properly plan postoperative care and management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1444-1447
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume79
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Eustachian Tube
Middle Ear
Ear
Acoustic Impedance Tests
Pressure
Tympanic Membrane
Postoperative Care
Hypertrophy
Physical Examination

Keywords

  • Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
  • Adenotonsillectomy
  • Child
  • Eustachian tube
  • Tympanometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "The immediate effect of adenotonsillectomy on Eustachian tube function in children",
abstract = "Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on immediate Eustachian tube (E-tube) function in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Methods: All children who were scheduled to undergo adenotonsillectomy were assessed. Physical examinations were performed on the preoperative day, and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Exams included visual inspection of the tympanic membrane and tympanometry including measurement of middle ear pressure (MEP) (daPa). The children were divided into four types (AA, CA, CC, and BB types) based on the tympanometric results of postoperative days 1 and 2. Results: A total of 50 ears from 25 children (mean age±standard deviation [SD]=8.6±3.2; male/female=10/15; mean body mass index±SD [kg/m2]=18.5±3.7) were included. The rates of AA, CA, CC, and BB types were 10{\%} (5/50), 14{\%} (7/50), 74{\%} (37/50), and 2{\%} (1/50), respectively. On postoperative day 2, 76{\%} of cases were abnormal or unresolved (38/50), while 24{\%} were normal or resolved (12/50). There were significant decreases in MEP both before and after adenotonsillectomy (p's<0.001). However, there were no significant differences in the MEPs measured on postoperative days 1 and 2. There were no significant differences between the right and left ears with regard to the MEPs on the preoperative day, or postoperative days 1 and 2. Conclusions: Immediate E-tube dysfunction is a relatively common complication in children after adenotonsillectomy. Therefore, in the setting of immediate E-tube dysfunction, it is important to properly plan postoperative care and management.",
keywords = "Adenotonsillar hypertrophy, Adenotonsillectomy, Child, Eustachian tube, Tympanometry",
author = "Choi, {Ji Ho} and Yoon, {Hee Chul} and Kim, {Tae Min} and June Choi and Park, {Il Ho} and Tae-Hoon Kim and Lee, {Heung Man} and Lee, {Sang Hag} and Lee, {Seung Hoon}",
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doi = "10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.06.025",
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volume = "79",
pages = "1444--1447",
journal = "International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology",
issn = "0165-5876",
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T1 - The immediate effect of adenotonsillectomy on Eustachian tube function in children

AU - Choi, Ji Ho

AU - Yoon, Hee Chul

AU - Kim, Tae Min

AU - Choi, June

AU - Park, Il Ho

AU - Kim, Tae-Hoon

AU - Lee, Heung Man

AU - Lee, Sang Hag

AU - Lee, Seung Hoon

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on immediate Eustachian tube (E-tube) function in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Methods: All children who were scheduled to undergo adenotonsillectomy were assessed. Physical examinations were performed on the preoperative day, and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Exams included visual inspection of the tympanic membrane and tympanometry including measurement of middle ear pressure (MEP) (daPa). The children were divided into four types (AA, CA, CC, and BB types) based on the tympanometric results of postoperative days 1 and 2. Results: A total of 50 ears from 25 children (mean age±standard deviation [SD]=8.6±3.2; male/female=10/15; mean body mass index±SD [kg/m2]=18.5±3.7) were included. The rates of AA, CA, CC, and BB types were 10% (5/50), 14% (7/50), 74% (37/50), and 2% (1/50), respectively. On postoperative day 2, 76% of cases were abnormal or unresolved (38/50), while 24% were normal or resolved (12/50). There were significant decreases in MEP both before and after adenotonsillectomy (p's<0.001). However, there were no significant differences in the MEPs measured on postoperative days 1 and 2. There were no significant differences between the right and left ears with regard to the MEPs on the preoperative day, or postoperative days 1 and 2. Conclusions: Immediate E-tube dysfunction is a relatively common complication in children after adenotonsillectomy. Therefore, in the setting of immediate E-tube dysfunction, it is important to properly plan postoperative care and management.

AB - Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on immediate Eustachian tube (E-tube) function in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Methods: All children who were scheduled to undergo adenotonsillectomy were assessed. Physical examinations were performed on the preoperative day, and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Exams included visual inspection of the tympanic membrane and tympanometry including measurement of middle ear pressure (MEP) (daPa). The children were divided into four types (AA, CA, CC, and BB types) based on the tympanometric results of postoperative days 1 and 2. Results: A total of 50 ears from 25 children (mean age±standard deviation [SD]=8.6±3.2; male/female=10/15; mean body mass index±SD [kg/m2]=18.5±3.7) were included. The rates of AA, CA, CC, and BB types were 10% (5/50), 14% (7/50), 74% (37/50), and 2% (1/50), respectively. On postoperative day 2, 76% of cases were abnormal or unresolved (38/50), while 24% were normal or resolved (12/50). There were significant decreases in MEP both before and after adenotonsillectomy (p's<0.001). However, there were no significant differences in the MEPs measured on postoperative days 1 and 2. There were no significant differences between the right and left ears with regard to the MEPs on the preoperative day, or postoperative days 1 and 2. Conclusions: Immediate E-tube dysfunction is a relatively common complication in children after adenotonsillectomy. Therefore, in the setting of immediate E-tube dysfunction, it is important to properly plan postoperative care and management.

KW - Adenotonsillar hypertrophy

KW - Adenotonsillectomy

KW - Child

KW - Eustachian tube

KW - Tympanometry

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