The impact of job strain on smoking cessation and relapse in the Canadian population: A cohort study

Daniel J. Rowe, James R. Dunn, Carles Muntaner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of job strain, as measured by the Karasek demand/control model (DCM), on smoking cessation and relapse in a representative general population sample. Methods A secondary analysis of data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS) was undertaken. Daily smokers and former daily smokers (n=1287 and 1184, respectively) at cycle 1 (1994/1995) of the NPHS were followed up at cycle 2 (1996/1997). Measures of job strain (the independent variables) were based on data from cycle 1, predicting smoking status at cycle 2. Logistic regression analysis was employed in two ways. Individuals were stratified into job strain quartiles while continuous measures were also employed in separate analyses for job strain and its component dimensions. Results In the quartile analysis, no effect of job strain was observed on the likelihood of cessation, while a nonlinear effect was observed on the likelihood of relapse, although this relationship lost significance (p>0.05 and

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-936
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume69
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

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