The impact of various ethanol-gasoline blends on particulates and unregulated gaseous emissions characteristics from a spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) passenger vehicle

Dongyoung Jin, Kwanhee Choi, Cha Lee Myung, Yunsung Lim, Jongtae Lee, Simsoo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of various ethanol-gasoline blends on the hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) emissions from a wall-guided direct injection passenger vehicle. The fuel economy (FE) as well as regulated and unregulated gaseous emissions was evaluated on a chassis dynamometer using the federal test procedure (FTP-75) mode. Five fuels with varying ethanol contents of E0, E10, E30, E50, and E85 were prepared by blending ethanol into commercial gasoline on a volumetric basis and were analyzed each fuel specification. The engine control schemes of fuel injection quantity for various ethanol blends were adjusted to optimize the engine starting capability, vehicle drivability and emissions performance. The FE of the E85 fueled vehicle decreased by 29% relative to gasoline fuel due to the low energy content of ethanol. Blending ethanol into gasoline produced a dramatic decrease of particulate emission, because pure ethanol has no aromatic compounds and carbon content lower than that of gasoline. As a result, nano-particles were rarely emitted in the vehicle tests of fuels with more than 30% ethanol. Carbonyl compounds emissions, which originate from partial oxidization or incomplete combustion of ethanol, also rose sharply as the ethanol content increased, while volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions were reduced considerably with medium- and high-ethanol formulations due to the lower proportion of aromatic components in these fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-712
Number of pages11
JournalFuel
Volume209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Direct injection
Electric sparks
Gas emissions
Gasoline
Ignition
Ethanol
Fuel economy
Engines
Vehicle Emissions
Volatile Organic Compounds
Carbonyl compounds
Air Pollutants
Particulate emissions
Aromatic compounds
Dynamometers
Chassis
Fuel injection
Volatile organic compounds
Carbon
Specifications

Keywords

  • Aldehyde
  • Ethanol
  • Gasoline direct injection
  • Nano-particle
  • Particulate matter
  • Volatile organic compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

The impact of various ethanol-gasoline blends on particulates and unregulated gaseous emissions characteristics from a spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) passenger vehicle. / Jin, Dongyoung; Choi, Kwanhee; Myung, Cha Lee; Lim, Yunsung; Lee, Jongtae; Park, Simsoo.

In: Fuel, Vol. 209, 01.12.2017, p. 702-712.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - This study investigated the effects of various ethanol-gasoline blends on the hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) emissions from a wall-guided direct injection passenger vehicle. The fuel economy (FE) as well as regulated and unregulated gaseous emissions was evaluated on a chassis dynamometer using the federal test procedure (FTP-75) mode. Five fuels with varying ethanol contents of E0, E10, E30, E50, and E85 were prepared by blending ethanol into commercial gasoline on a volumetric basis and were analyzed each fuel specification. The engine control schemes of fuel injection quantity for various ethanol blends were adjusted to optimize the engine starting capability, vehicle drivability and emissions performance. The FE of the E85 fueled vehicle decreased by 29% relative to gasoline fuel due to the low energy content of ethanol. Blending ethanol into gasoline produced a dramatic decrease of particulate emission, because pure ethanol has no aromatic compounds and carbon content lower than that of gasoline. As a result, nano-particles were rarely emitted in the vehicle tests of fuels with more than 30% ethanol. Carbonyl compounds emissions, which originate from partial oxidization or incomplete combustion of ethanol, also rose sharply as the ethanol content increased, while volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions were reduced considerably with medium- and high-ethanol formulations due to the lower proportion of aromatic components in these fuels.

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