The inositide signaling pathway as a target for treating gastric cancer and colorectal cancer

Hong Jun Kim, Suk Young Lee, Sang Cheul Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastric cancer and colorectal cancer are the leading cause of cancer mortality and have a dismal prognosis. The introduction of biological agents to treat these cancers has resulted in improved outcomes, and combination chemotherapy with targeted agents and conventional chemotherapeutic agents is regarded as standard therapy. Additional newly clarified mechanisms of oncogenesis and resistance to targeted agents require the development of new biologic agents. Aberrant activation of the inositide signaling pathway by a loss of function PTEN mutation or gain of function mutation/amplification of PIK3CA is an oncogenic mechanism in gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. Clinical trials with biologic agents that target the inositide signaling pathway are being performed to further improve treatment outcomes of patients with advanced gastric cancer and metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). In this review we summarize the inositide signaling pathway, the targeted agents that inhibit abnormal activation of this signaling pathway and the clinical trials currently being performed in patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer and metastatic CRC using these targeted agents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume7
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • Akt
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Gastric cancer
  • MTOR
  • Phosphoinositide
  • PI3K
  • Targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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