The most densified vertically-aligned carbon nanotube membranes and their normalized water permeability and high pressure durability

Kwang Jin Lee, Hee-Deung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vertically aligned (VA) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could be a promising material for membrane filtration due to their ultrahigh water permeability. However, VA CNT based membranes showed three challenging issues: low pore density, poor mechanical strength, and a complex fabrication process. In this study, the highest pore density 3.0×1012 pore/cm2 was achieved by combining volatile ethanol addition and subsequent mold pressing. Urethane monomer was infiltrated between CNTs through an ethanol stream. Polymerized urethane provided mechanical strength to the VA CNT membrane. Membrane pore size distribution was analyzed based on the polyethylene oxide rejection. Pore size distribution ranged from 3.0 to 5.5 nm and the average pore size was 4.1 nm. The pressure durability representing mechanical strength was analyzed based on the compaction index (CI). The VA CNT membrane showed 4 times higher CI than that of the commercial ultrafiltration (UF) membrane due to its reinforcement. The VA CNT membrane showed 938 times higher water permeability than the UF membrane. Water permeabilities of all VA CNT membranes studied until now were compared using normalized forms based on the membrane pore structural parameters in the Hagen-Poiseuille (HP) equation. The results demonstrated that the VA CNT membrane fabricated in this study showed the highest water permeability enhancement and membrane pore size showed the highest deviation from HP theory among three structural parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume501
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
durability
Permeability
Carbon nanotubes
permeability
Durability
carbon nanotubes
membranes
Membranes
Pressure
Water
water
porosity
Pore size
Strength of materials
urethanes
Urethane
Ultrafiltration
Compaction
Ethanol

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Densification
  • Membrane
  • Vertically aligned
  • Water permeability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

@article{acbc29a9b6ca4a87800b58841430afd8,
title = "The most densified vertically-aligned carbon nanotube membranes and their normalized water permeability and high pressure durability",
abstract = "Vertically aligned (VA) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could be a promising material for membrane filtration due to their ultrahigh water permeability. However, VA CNT based membranes showed three challenging issues: low pore density, poor mechanical strength, and a complex fabrication process. In this study, the highest pore density 3.0×1012 pore/cm2 was achieved by combining volatile ethanol addition and subsequent mold pressing. Urethane monomer was infiltrated between CNTs through an ethanol stream. Polymerized urethane provided mechanical strength to the VA CNT membrane. Membrane pore size distribution was analyzed based on the polyethylene oxide rejection. Pore size distribution ranged from 3.0 to 5.5 nm and the average pore size was 4.1 nm. The pressure durability representing mechanical strength was analyzed based on the compaction index (CI). The VA CNT membrane showed 4 times higher CI than that of the commercial ultrafiltration (UF) membrane due to its reinforcement. The VA CNT membrane showed 938 times higher water permeability than the UF membrane. Water permeabilities of all VA CNT membranes studied until now were compared using normalized forms based on the membrane pore structural parameters in the Hagen-Poiseuille (HP) equation. The results demonstrated that the VA CNT membrane fabricated in this study showed the highest water permeability enhancement and membrane pore size showed the highest deviation from HP theory among three structural parameters.",
keywords = "Carbon nanotubes, Densification, Membrane, Vertically aligned, Water permeability",
author = "Lee, {Kwang Jin} and Hee-Deung Park",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.memsci.2015.12.009",
language = "English",
volume = "501",
pages = "144--151",
journal = "Jornal of Membrane Science",
issn = "0376-7388",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The most densified vertically-aligned carbon nanotube membranes and their normalized water permeability and high pressure durability

AU - Lee, Kwang Jin

AU - Park, Hee-Deung

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Vertically aligned (VA) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could be a promising material for membrane filtration due to their ultrahigh water permeability. However, VA CNT based membranes showed three challenging issues: low pore density, poor mechanical strength, and a complex fabrication process. In this study, the highest pore density 3.0×1012 pore/cm2 was achieved by combining volatile ethanol addition and subsequent mold pressing. Urethane monomer was infiltrated between CNTs through an ethanol stream. Polymerized urethane provided mechanical strength to the VA CNT membrane. Membrane pore size distribution was analyzed based on the polyethylene oxide rejection. Pore size distribution ranged from 3.0 to 5.5 nm and the average pore size was 4.1 nm. The pressure durability representing mechanical strength was analyzed based on the compaction index (CI). The VA CNT membrane showed 4 times higher CI than that of the commercial ultrafiltration (UF) membrane due to its reinforcement. The VA CNT membrane showed 938 times higher water permeability than the UF membrane. Water permeabilities of all VA CNT membranes studied until now were compared using normalized forms based on the membrane pore structural parameters in the Hagen-Poiseuille (HP) equation. The results demonstrated that the VA CNT membrane fabricated in this study showed the highest water permeability enhancement and membrane pore size showed the highest deviation from HP theory among three structural parameters.

AB - Vertically aligned (VA) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could be a promising material for membrane filtration due to their ultrahigh water permeability. However, VA CNT based membranes showed three challenging issues: low pore density, poor mechanical strength, and a complex fabrication process. In this study, the highest pore density 3.0×1012 pore/cm2 was achieved by combining volatile ethanol addition and subsequent mold pressing. Urethane monomer was infiltrated between CNTs through an ethanol stream. Polymerized urethane provided mechanical strength to the VA CNT membrane. Membrane pore size distribution was analyzed based on the polyethylene oxide rejection. Pore size distribution ranged from 3.0 to 5.5 nm and the average pore size was 4.1 nm. The pressure durability representing mechanical strength was analyzed based on the compaction index (CI). The VA CNT membrane showed 4 times higher CI than that of the commercial ultrafiltration (UF) membrane due to its reinforcement. The VA CNT membrane showed 938 times higher water permeability than the UF membrane. Water permeabilities of all VA CNT membranes studied until now were compared using normalized forms based on the membrane pore structural parameters in the Hagen-Poiseuille (HP) equation. The results demonstrated that the VA CNT membrane fabricated in this study showed the highest water permeability enhancement and membrane pore size showed the highest deviation from HP theory among three structural parameters.

KW - Carbon nanotubes

KW - Densification

KW - Membrane

KW - Vertically aligned

KW - Water permeability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954158963&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954158963&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.memsci.2015.12.009

DO - 10.1016/j.memsci.2015.12.009

M3 - Article

VL - 501

SP - 144

EP - 151

JO - Jornal of Membrane Science

JF - Jornal of Membrane Science

SN - 0376-7388

ER -