The nebramycin aminoglycoside profiles of Streptomyces tenebrarius and their characterization using an integrated liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometric analysis

Je Won Park, Sung Ryeol Park, Ah Reum Han, Yeon Hee Ban, Young Ji Yoo, Eun Ji Kim, Yeo Joon Yoon

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The development of an efficient analytical protocol for the reliable identification of the biosynthetic intermediates found in microbial cultures, which usually produce complex intermediates of the metabolites of interest, is both challenging and essential for further studies into gene-to-metabolite networks. A simple and highly selective method for detecting the biosynthetic intermediates involved in the aminoglycosidic nebramycin pathway of Streptomyces tenebrarius was developed and validated. Cleanup utilizing a solid-phase extraction (OASIS MCX SPE) technique provides a simple and reproducible method for extracting the nebramycin factors from a fermentation broth. The separation of each factor through a reversed-phase C18 column using an ion-pairing reagent allowed the simultaneous profiling of the aminoglycosides. By employing the authentic tobramycin spiked into a blank fermentation medium, the combined use of acid extraction, OASIS MCX SPE cleanup, and HFBA (heptafluorobutyric acid)-mediated chromatographic separation coupled with electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) detection was proven to be sufficiently accurate and reliable to analyze the nebramycin factors produced in a culture broth. The detection limit of tobramycin spiked in the culture broth was approximately 1.8 ng mL-1. The mean recovery ranged from 89 to 92%, the intra- and inter-day precision (RSD) was <6% and their accuracy ranged from 88 to 93%. A total of nine nebramycin factors including apramycin, 6″-O-carbamoylkanamycin B, 6″-O-carbamoyltobramycin, 3′-hydoxyapramycin, tobramycin, kanamycin B, NK-1012-1, nebramine, and neamine were identified. This is the first report on the integrated LC-ESI-MS/MS characterization of a wide range of nebramycin factors from a bacterial fermentation broth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 19
Externally publishedYes



  • Aminoglycoside
  • Fermentation
  • Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
  • Nebramycin factor
  • Streptomyces tenebrarius

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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