The new Keynesian Phillips curve: From sticky inflation to sticky prices

Chengsi Zhang, Denise R. Osborn, Dong Heon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The New Keynesian Phillips Curve (NKPC) model of inflation dynamics based on forward-looking expectations is of great theoretical significance in monetary policy analysis. Empirical studies, however, often find that backward-looking inflation inertia dominates the dynamics of the short-run aggregate supply curve. This inconsistency is examined by investigating multiple structural changes in the NKPC for the U.S. between 1960 and 2005, employing both inflation expectations survey data and a rational expectations approximation. We find that forward-looking behavior plays a smaller role during the high and volatile inflation regime to 1981 than in the subsequent period of moderate inflation, providing empirical support for sticky price models over the last two decades. A break in the intercept of the NKPC is also identified around 2001 and this may be associated with U.S. monetary policy in that period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-699
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Money, Credit and Banking
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun

Keywords

  • Inflation survey forecasts
  • Monetary policy
  • New Keynesian Phillips Curve
  • Sticky prices
  • Structural breaks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics

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