The novel perovskite-type Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 as a reforming biogas (CH4+CO2) for H2 production

Byeong Wan Kwon, Joo Hyeng Oh, Ghun Sik Kim, Sung Pil Yoon, Jonghee Han, SukWoo Nam, Hyung Chul Ham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, novel perovskite-type Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3-based catalysts were investigated for hydrogen production by the dry reforming of biogas (comprising CH4 and CO2). Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 catalysts with improved catalytic activity were grown using the Pechini method. The prepared catalysts were characterized using X-ray diffraction to check for impurities introduced in the perovskite structure by doping method. The reforming of methane over perovskite-based catalysts has been extensively investigated; however, detailed understanding of the activating catalytic sites under different conditions is still lacking. To understand the details of the activating catalyst mechanism, transmission electron microscopy, temperature-programed reduction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) analysis were performed under different activating conditions. XPS analysis of 5mol% Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 revealed that the H2-activated catalyst lost active lattice oxygen sites and Ni sites due to formation of Ni hydroxide. Thus, the H2-activated catalyst has lower catalytic activity than the N2-activated one.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biogas
Reforming reactions
Perovskite
Catalysts
Spectroscopic analysis
Photoelectrons
Catalyst activity
X rays
Hydrogen production
Methane
Doping (additives)
Impurities
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Biogas
  • Dry reforming
  • Ni-doped SrY.TiO perovskite catalyst and activating catalysts
  • Pechini method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

The novel perovskite-type Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 as a reforming biogas (CH4+CO2) for H2 production. / Kwon, Byeong Wan; Oh, Joo Hyeng; Kim, Ghun Sik; Yoon, Sung Pil; Han, Jonghee; Nam, SukWoo; Ham, Hyung Chul.

In: Applied Energy, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwon, Byeong Wan ; Oh, Joo Hyeng ; Kim, Ghun Sik ; Yoon, Sung Pil ; Han, Jonghee ; Nam, SukWoo ; Ham, Hyung Chul. / The novel perovskite-type Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 as a reforming biogas (CH4+CO2) for H2 production. In: Applied Energy. 2017.
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abstract = "In this study, novel perovskite-type Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3-based catalysts were investigated for hydrogen production by the dry reforming of biogas (comprising CH4 and CO2). Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 catalysts with improved catalytic activity were grown using the Pechini method. The prepared catalysts were characterized using X-ray diffraction to check for impurities introduced in the perovskite structure by doping method. The reforming of methane over perovskite-based catalysts has been extensively investigated; however, detailed understanding of the activating catalytic sites under different conditions is still lacking. To understand the details of the activating catalyst mechanism, transmission electron microscopy, temperature-programed reduction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) analysis were performed under different activating conditions. XPS analysis of 5mol{\%} Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 revealed that the H2-activated catalyst lost active lattice oxygen sites and Ni sites due to formation of Ni hydroxide. Thus, the H2-activated catalyst has lower catalytic activity than the N2-activated one.",
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AU - Oh, Joo Hyeng

AU - Kim, Ghun Sik

AU - Yoon, Sung Pil

AU - Han, Jonghee

AU - Nam, SukWoo

AU - Ham, Hyung Chul

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AB - In this study, novel perovskite-type Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3-based catalysts were investigated for hydrogen production by the dry reforming of biogas (comprising CH4 and CO2). Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 catalysts with improved catalytic activity were grown using the Pechini method. The prepared catalysts were characterized using X-ray diffraction to check for impurities introduced in the perovskite structure by doping method. The reforming of methane over perovskite-based catalysts has been extensively investigated; however, detailed understanding of the activating catalytic sites under different conditions is still lacking. To understand the details of the activating catalyst mechanism, transmission electron microscopy, temperature-programed reduction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) analysis were performed under different activating conditions. XPS analysis of 5mol% Ni-doped Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3 revealed that the H2-activated catalyst lost active lattice oxygen sites and Ni sites due to formation of Ni hydroxide. Thus, the H2-activated catalyst has lower catalytic activity than the N2-activated one.

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