The novel protein CSAP accelerates leaf senescence and is negatively regulated by SAUL1 in the dark

Won Mi So, Soo Youn Kim, Sujin Hyoung, Jeong Sheop Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Key message: The chloroplast-localized protein CSAP is an ABA-responsive factor and positively regulates dark-induced senescence. This phenomenon is controlled by SAUL1 in Arabidopsis. Abstract: We report here that CSAP (Chloroplast-localized Senescence-Associated Protein, AT5G39520) functions as a positive regulator of senescence and is controlled by SAUL1 (Senescence Associated E3 Ubiquitin Ligase 1) in Arabidopsis. CSAP transcript level was gradually increased when senescence was progressed. Under dark conditions, the csap mutant showed delayed leaf senescence and reduced chlorophyll breakdown, but overexpression of CSAP accelerated leaf senescence and expressions of chlorophyll catabolic genes were up-regulated compared to the wild-type (WT). NCED3 and AAO3, which are involved in ABA biosynthesis, also showed higher expression in the overexpression lines than the WT. It is known that the CSAP transcript is increased in the saul1 mutant that shows precocious senescence. In our experiments, we confirmed that CSAP interacts with SAUL1 by the yeast two-hybrid and pull-down assays. In addition, we found that SAUL1 decreases the stability of CSAP in the presence of ABA. Taken together, we suggest that CSAP accelerates leaf senescence in the dark and this process is controlled by SAUL1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-334
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1


  • ABA
  • Arabidopsis
  • CSAP
  • Dark-induced leaf senescence
  • Protein degradation
  • SAUL1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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