The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador

A qualitative study

Tanya L. Zakrison, Pedro Cabezas, Evan Valle, Julie Kornfeld, Carles Muntaner, Sophie Soklaridis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We investigated themes related to the health and environmental impacts of gold mining in El Salvador. Methods. Over a 1-month period in 2013, we conducted focus groups (n = 32 participants in total) and individual semistructured interviews (n = 11) with community leaders until we achieved thematic saturation. Data collection took place in 4 departments throughout the country. We used a combination of criterion-purposive and snowballing sampling techniques to identify participants. Results. Multiple themes emerged: (1) the fallacy of economic development; (2) critique of mining activities; (3) the creation of mining-related violence, with parallels to El Salvador's civil war; and (4) solutions and alternatives to mining activity. Solutions involved the creation of cooperative microenterprises for sustainable economic growth, political empowerment within communities, and development of local participatory democracies. Conclusions. Gold mining in El Salvador is perceived as a significant environmental and public health threat. Local solutions may be applicable broadly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2382-2387
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume105
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

El Salvador
Gold
Economic Development
Small Business
Democracy
Social Planning
Environmental Health
Focus Groups
Violence
Public Health
Interviews
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Zakrison, T. L., Cabezas, P., Valle, E., Kornfeld, J., Muntaner, C., & Soklaridis, S. (2015). The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador: A qualitative study. American Journal of Public Health, 105(11), 2382-2387. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302832

The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador : A qualitative study. / Zakrison, Tanya L.; Cabezas, Pedro; Valle, Evan; Kornfeld, Julie; Muntaner, Carles; Soklaridis, Sophie.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 105, No. 11, 01.11.2015, p. 2382-2387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zakrison, TL, Cabezas, P, Valle, E, Kornfeld, J, Muntaner, C & Soklaridis, S 2015, 'The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador: A qualitative study', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 105, no. 11, pp. 2382-2387. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302832
Zakrison, Tanya L. ; Cabezas, Pedro ; Valle, Evan ; Kornfeld, Julie ; Muntaner, Carles ; Soklaridis, Sophie. / The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador : A qualitative study. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 105, No. 11. pp. 2382-2387.
@article{96c092b7f87c4c09b844eb19623d9da9,
title = "The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador: A qualitative study",
abstract = "Objectives. We investigated themes related to the health and environmental impacts of gold mining in El Salvador. Methods. Over a 1-month period in 2013, we conducted focus groups (n = 32 participants in total) and individual semistructured interviews (n = 11) with community leaders until we achieved thematic saturation. Data collection took place in 4 departments throughout the country. We used a combination of criterion-purposive and snowballing sampling techniques to identify participants. Results. Multiple themes emerged: (1) the fallacy of economic development; (2) critique of mining activities; (3) the creation of mining-related violence, with parallels to El Salvador's civil war; and (4) solutions and alternatives to mining activity. Solutions involved the creation of cooperative microenterprises for sustainable economic growth, political empowerment within communities, and development of local participatory democracies. Conclusions. Gold mining in El Salvador is perceived as a significant environmental and public health threat. Local solutions may be applicable broadly.",
author = "Zakrison, {Tanya L.} and Pedro Cabezas and Evan Valle and Julie Kornfeld and Carles Muntaner and Sophie Soklaridis",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2105/AJPH.2015.302832",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "2382--2387",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The perceived consequences of gold mining in Postwar El Salvador

T2 - A qualitative study

AU - Zakrison, Tanya L.

AU - Cabezas, Pedro

AU - Valle, Evan

AU - Kornfeld, Julie

AU - Muntaner, Carles

AU - Soklaridis, Sophie

PY - 2015/11/1

Y1 - 2015/11/1

N2 - Objectives. We investigated themes related to the health and environmental impacts of gold mining in El Salvador. Methods. Over a 1-month period in 2013, we conducted focus groups (n = 32 participants in total) and individual semistructured interviews (n = 11) with community leaders until we achieved thematic saturation. Data collection took place in 4 departments throughout the country. We used a combination of criterion-purposive and snowballing sampling techniques to identify participants. Results. Multiple themes emerged: (1) the fallacy of economic development; (2) critique of mining activities; (3) the creation of mining-related violence, with parallels to El Salvador's civil war; and (4) solutions and alternatives to mining activity. Solutions involved the creation of cooperative microenterprises for sustainable economic growth, political empowerment within communities, and development of local participatory democracies. Conclusions. Gold mining in El Salvador is perceived as a significant environmental and public health threat. Local solutions may be applicable broadly.

AB - Objectives. We investigated themes related to the health and environmental impacts of gold mining in El Salvador. Methods. Over a 1-month period in 2013, we conducted focus groups (n = 32 participants in total) and individual semistructured interviews (n = 11) with community leaders until we achieved thematic saturation. Data collection took place in 4 departments throughout the country. We used a combination of criterion-purposive and snowballing sampling techniques to identify participants. Results. Multiple themes emerged: (1) the fallacy of economic development; (2) critique of mining activities; (3) the creation of mining-related violence, with parallels to El Salvador's civil war; and (4) solutions and alternatives to mining activity. Solutions involved the creation of cooperative microenterprises for sustainable economic growth, political empowerment within communities, and development of local participatory democracies. Conclusions. Gold mining in El Salvador is perceived as a significant environmental and public health threat. Local solutions may be applicable broadly.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943745796&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943745796&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302832

DO - 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302832

M3 - Article

VL - 105

SP - 2382

EP - 2387

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 11

ER -