The polymeric upper bound for N2/NF3 separation and beyond; ZIF-8 containing mixed matrix membranes

Sunghwan Park, Woo Ram Kang, Hyuk Taek Kwon, Soobin Kim, Myungeun Seo, Joona Bang, Sang hyup Lee, Hae Kwon Jeong, Jong Suk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Global production for NF3 is continuously increasing, especially due to its heavy consumption in the semiconductor industry. Even though the amount of its emission is relatively small compared to other greenhouse gases, particularly CO2, the relatively long atmospheric lifetime of NF3 makes its emission cumulative, possibly contributing to the global climate change. Membrane-based separation techniques are very promising for the energy-efficient NF3 recovery. It is, therefore, critically important to evaluate the N2/NF3 separation performance by using commercial polymeric membranes. Here, for the first time, the empirical N2/NF3 upper bound relationship is established by using a wide variety of commercial polymeric membranes including both glassy and rubbery polymers based on their single gas (i.e. N2 and NF3) permeation characterization. Among those tested, 6FDA-DAM:DABA (3:2), Teflon® AF 2400 and PTMSP exhibited relatively high N2/NF3 separation performance. The theoretical N2/NF3 upper bound curve was also defined and found comparable with our empirical upper bound limit. In an effort to improve the N2/NF3 separation performance, mixed matrix membranes were prepared by incorporating zeolitic imidazolate framework molecular sieves into Matrimid® 5218. The effects of solvents, particle sizes, and ligands on the transport properties in mixed matrix membranes were investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 5


  • Mixed matrix membranes
  • N/NF separation
  • Polymeric upper bound
  • ZIF-8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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