The prognostic significance of E-cadherin and liver intestine-cadherin expression in colorectal cancer

Jung Myun Kwak, Byung Wook Min, Ju Han Lee, Jong Sang Choi, Sun Il Lee, Sung Soo Park, Jin Kim, Jun Won Um, Seon Han Kim, Hong Young Moon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    PURPOSE: The significance of liver intestine-cadherin as a potential marker has been growing in the field of oncology, because of its unique features compared with classic cadherins. We investigated the coexpression patterns of E-cadherin and liver intestine-cadherin in colorectal cancer, and determined whether differences in expression patterns were associated with clinicopathologic parameters and also which relationship between these two adhesion molecules existed in colorectal cancer. METHODS: Expression pattern of E-cadherin and liver intestine-cadherin was investigated immunohistochemically in 207 colorectal cancers along with clinicopathologic parameters. RESULTS: Reduced expression of liver intestine-cadherin was detected in 51 percent (n=105) of tumors. Such expression was found to be associated with tumoral dedifferentiation (P=0.015) and in a multivariate analysis was associated with a significant worse overall survival after adjustment for tumor stage, differentiation, and E-cadherin status (hazard ratio, 1.951; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.06-3.592; P=0.032). Fifteen percent (n=32) of tumors showed reduced expression of E-cadherin and had relationship with tumoral dedifferentiation (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P=0.004), and advanced stage (P=0.029). Reduced expression of E-cadherin was associated with short overall survival (P=0.028); however, in a multivariate analysis, it was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced expression of liver intestine-cadherin had a significant correlation with tumoral dedifferentiation and short overall survival in this series. In addition, early and frequent loss of liver intestine-cadherin expression might be a more sensitive indicator than E-cadherin to predict more aggressive tumoral behavior.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1873-1880
    Number of pages8
    JournalDiseases of the colon and rectum
    Volume50
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov

    Keywords

    • Colorectal cancer
    • E-cadherin
    • Immunohistochemistry
    • Liver intestine-cadherin
    • Overall survival
    • Potential marker

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Gastroenterology

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