The relationship between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women

Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey 2005

Geum-Joon Cho, Hyun-Tae Park, Jung-Ho Shin, Tak Kim, Jun Young Hur, Young Tae Kim, Kyu Wan Lee, Sun Haeng Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Postmenopausal women are known to have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared with premenopausal women. However, there are few studies that have investigated the effects of reproductive factors on metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 892 postmenopausal women who participated in the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. We determined an association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome. Results: Using a multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was found that age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome. Having the first baby at a later age was associated with a decreased risk of having metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.90-0.99). However, other reproductive factors including age at menarche, age at menopause, parity, lifetime estrogen exposure, years since menopause, number of pregnancies, history of lactation, and oral contraceptives or hormone therapy use were not associated with metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: Among various reproductive factors, age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)998-1003
Number of pages6
JournalMenopause
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
Korea
Health Surveys
Birth Order
Age Factors
Menopause
Reproductive History
Menarche
Oral Contraceptives
Parity
Lactation
Estrogens
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Hormones

Keywords

  • Menopause
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Reproductive factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

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title = "The relationship between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey 2005",
abstract = "Objective: Postmenopausal women are known to have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared with premenopausal women. However, there are few studies that have investigated the effects of reproductive factors on metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 892 postmenopausal women who participated in the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. We determined an association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome. Results: Using a multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was found that age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome. Having the first baby at a later age was associated with a decreased risk of having metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 0.95; 95{\%} CI, 0.90-0.99). However, other reproductive factors including age at menarche, age at menopause, parity, lifetime estrogen exposure, years since menopause, number of pregnancies, history of lactation, and oral contraceptives or hormone therapy use were not associated with metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: Among various reproductive factors, age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women.",
keywords = "Menopause, Metabolic syndrome, Reproductive factor",
author = "Geum-Joon Cho and Hyun-Tae Park and Jung-Ho Shin and Tak Kim and Hur, {Jun Young} and Kim, {Young Tae} and Lee, {Kyu Wan} and Kim, {Sun Haeng}",
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AU - Kim, Tak

AU - Hur, Jun Young

AU - Kim, Young Tae

AU - Lee, Kyu Wan

AU - Kim, Sun Haeng

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N2 - Objective: Postmenopausal women are known to have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared with premenopausal women. However, there are few studies that have investigated the effects of reproductive factors on metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 892 postmenopausal women who participated in the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. We determined an association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome. Results: Using a multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was found that age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome. Having the first baby at a later age was associated with a decreased risk of having metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.90-0.99). However, other reproductive factors including age at menarche, age at menopause, parity, lifetime estrogen exposure, years since menopause, number of pregnancies, history of lactation, and oral contraceptives or hormone therapy use were not associated with metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: Among various reproductive factors, age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women.

AB - Objective: Postmenopausal women are known to have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared with premenopausal women. However, there are few studies that have investigated the effects of reproductive factors on metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 892 postmenopausal women who participated in the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. We determined an association between reproductive factors and metabolic syndrome. Results: Using a multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was found that age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome. Having the first baby at a later age was associated with a decreased risk of having metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.90-0.99). However, other reproductive factors including age at menarche, age at menopause, parity, lifetime estrogen exposure, years since menopause, number of pregnancies, history of lactation, and oral contraceptives or hormone therapy use were not associated with metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: Among various reproductive factors, age at first birth was negatively associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean postmenopausal women.

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