Background and Aims: Chronic liver disease is a common comorbidity in surgery. To assess post-operative morbidity and mortality in relation to progression of chronic liver disease and to identify the risk factors. Methods: Six hundred and nine consecutive patients with chronic liver disease who underwent surgery were classified into two groups: non-cirrhotic (n = 363) and cirrhotic (n = 246). Randomly selected patients without underlying liver disease who underwent surgery were used as control group (n = 148). Results: The occurrence of major post-operative complications was higher in the non-cirrhotic group than in the control group (11.8% vs. 6.1%, P = 0.051); age, type of surgery and serum albumin level were independent predictors for post-operative morbidity. The frequency of significant post-operative liver damage (14.9% vs. 12.2%, P = 0.920) and mortality (0.6% vs. 0.7%, P = 0.871) did not differ between the two groups. The cirrhotic group had markedly higher incidences of post-operative mortality (10.2%), major complications (32.5%) and significant liver damage (43.1%) than the control and non-cirrhotic groups (all P < 0.001). Type of surgery, Child-Pugh score and model for end-stage liver disease score were independently associated with post-operative morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Specific data regarding post-operative morbidity and mortality were presented according to progression of liver disease and type of surgery. Conclusion: Non-cirrhotic chronic liver diseases were associated with higher risk of post-operative morbidity, particularly in cases of major surgery, older age and hypoalbuminaemia. Cirrhosis further increased the risk, even death, depending on degree of hepatic decompensation and type of surgery.
- Post-operative complication
ASJC Scopus subject areas