The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 2: Survey of friction measurement devices

Wen Ruey Chang, Raoul Grönqvist, Sylvie Leclercq, Robert J. Brungraber, Ulrich Mattke, Lennart Strandberg, Steve C. Thorpe, Rohae Myung, Lasse Makkonen, Theodore K. Courtney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Citations (Scopus)


This paper seeks to address questions related to friction measurement such as how friction is related to human-centred assessment and actual slipping, and how repeatable friction measurements are. Commonly used devices for slipperiness measurement are surveyed and their characteristics compared with suggested test conditions from biomechanical observations summarized in Part 1. The issues of device validity, repeatability, reproducibility and usability are examined from the published literature. Friction assessment using the mechanical measurement devices described appears generally valid and reliable. However, the validity of most devices could be improved by bringing them within the range of human slipping conditions observed in biomechanical studies. Future studies should clearly describe the performance limitations of any device and its results and should consider whether the device conditions reflect these actual human slipping conditions. There is also a need for validation studies of more devices by walking experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1261
Number of pages29
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Oct 20
Externally publishedYes



  • Field base
  • Friction
  • Laboratory base
  • Slipmeter
  • Slipperiness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Chang, W. R., Grönqvist, R., Leclercq, S., Brungraber, R. J., Mattke, U., Strandberg, L., Thorpe, S. C., Myung, R., Makkonen, L., & Courtney, T. K. (2001). The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 2: Survey of friction measurement devices. Ergonomics, 44(13), 1233-1261.