The role of hydrodynamics, matrix and sampling duration in passive sampling of polar compounds with Empore™ SDB-RPS disks

Etiënne L M Vermeirssen, Josef Asmin, Beate I. Escher, Jung-Hwan Kwon, Irene Steimen, Juliane Hollender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is an increasing need to monitor concentrations of polar organic contaminants in the aquatic environment. Integrative passive samplers can be used to assess time weighted average aqueous concentrations, provided calibration data are available and sampling rates are known. The sampling rate depends on environmental factors, such as temperature and water flow rate. Here we introduce an apparatus to investigate the sampling properties of passive samplers using river-like flow conditions and ambient environmental matrices: river water and treated sewage effluent. As a model sampler we selected Empore™ SDB-RPS disks in a Chemcatcher housing. The disks were exposed for 1 to 8 days at flow rates between 0.03 and 0.4 m s-1. Samples were analysed using a bioassay for estrogenic activity and by LC-MS-MS target analysis of the pharmaceuticals sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine and clarithromycin. In order to assess sampling rates of SDB disks, we also measured aqueous concentrations of the pharmaceuticals. Sampling rates increased with increasing flow rate and this relationship was not affected by the environmental matrix. However, SDB disks were only sampling in the integrative mode at low flow rates <0.1 m s-1 and/or for short sampling times. The duration of linear uptake was particularly short for sulfamethoxazole (1 day) and longer for clarithromycin (5 days). At 0.03 m s-1 and 12-14 °C, the sampling rate of SDB disks was 0.09 L day-1 for clarithromycin, 0.14 L day-1 for sulfamethoxazole and 0.25 L day -1 for carbamazepine. The results show that under controlled conditions, SDB disks can be effectively used as passive sampling devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Monitoring
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 14
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sulfamethoxazole
Clarithromycin
Hydrodynamics
hydrodynamics
Carbamazepine
Sampling
Rivers
matrix
sampling
Water
Sewage
Flow rate
Biological Assay
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Calibration
sampler
Equipment and Supplies
Temperature
drug
Amberlite XAD-2 resin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

The role of hydrodynamics, matrix and sampling duration in passive sampling of polar compounds with Empore™ SDB-RPS disks. / Vermeirssen, Etiënne L M; Asmin, Josef; Escher, Beate I.; Kwon, Jung-Hwan; Steimen, Irene; Hollender, Juliane.

In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, Vol. 10, No. 1, 14.01.2008, p. 119-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vermeirssen, Etiënne L M ; Asmin, Josef ; Escher, Beate I. ; Kwon, Jung-Hwan ; Steimen, Irene ; Hollender, Juliane. / The role of hydrodynamics, matrix and sampling duration in passive sampling of polar compounds with Empore™ SDB-RPS disks. In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 2008 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 119-128.
@article{c011f6eb0f404834808ea787611d58f6,
title = "The role of hydrodynamics, matrix and sampling duration in passive sampling of polar compounds with Empore™ SDB-RPS disks",
abstract = "There is an increasing need to monitor concentrations of polar organic contaminants in the aquatic environment. Integrative passive samplers can be used to assess time weighted average aqueous concentrations, provided calibration data are available and sampling rates are known. The sampling rate depends on environmental factors, such as temperature and water flow rate. Here we introduce an apparatus to investigate the sampling properties of passive samplers using river-like flow conditions and ambient environmental matrices: river water and treated sewage effluent. As a model sampler we selected Empore™ SDB-RPS disks in a Chemcatcher housing. The disks were exposed for 1 to 8 days at flow rates between 0.03 and 0.4 m s-1. Samples were analysed using a bioassay for estrogenic activity and by LC-MS-MS target analysis of the pharmaceuticals sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine and clarithromycin. In order to assess sampling rates of SDB disks, we also measured aqueous concentrations of the pharmaceuticals. Sampling rates increased with increasing flow rate and this relationship was not affected by the environmental matrix. However, SDB disks were only sampling in the integrative mode at low flow rates <0.1 m s-1 and/or for short sampling times. The duration of linear uptake was particularly short for sulfamethoxazole (1 day) and longer for clarithromycin (5 days). At 0.03 m s-1 and 12-14 °C, the sampling rate of SDB disks was 0.09 L day-1 for clarithromycin, 0.14 L day-1 for sulfamethoxazole and 0.25 L day -1 for carbamazepine. The results show that under controlled conditions, SDB disks can be effectively used as passive sampling devices.",
author = "Vermeirssen, {Eti{\"e}nne L M} and Josef Asmin and Escher, {Beate I.} and Jung-Hwan Kwon and Irene Steimen and Juliane Hollender",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1039/b710790k",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "119--128",
journal = "Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts",
issn = "2050-7887",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of hydrodynamics, matrix and sampling duration in passive sampling of polar compounds with Empore™ SDB-RPS disks

AU - Vermeirssen, Etiënne L M

AU - Asmin, Josef

AU - Escher, Beate I.

AU - Kwon, Jung-Hwan

AU - Steimen, Irene

AU - Hollender, Juliane

PY - 2008/1/14

Y1 - 2008/1/14

N2 - There is an increasing need to monitor concentrations of polar organic contaminants in the aquatic environment. Integrative passive samplers can be used to assess time weighted average aqueous concentrations, provided calibration data are available and sampling rates are known. The sampling rate depends on environmental factors, such as temperature and water flow rate. Here we introduce an apparatus to investigate the sampling properties of passive samplers using river-like flow conditions and ambient environmental matrices: river water and treated sewage effluent. As a model sampler we selected Empore™ SDB-RPS disks in a Chemcatcher housing. The disks were exposed for 1 to 8 days at flow rates between 0.03 and 0.4 m s-1. Samples were analysed using a bioassay for estrogenic activity and by LC-MS-MS target analysis of the pharmaceuticals sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine and clarithromycin. In order to assess sampling rates of SDB disks, we also measured aqueous concentrations of the pharmaceuticals. Sampling rates increased with increasing flow rate and this relationship was not affected by the environmental matrix. However, SDB disks were only sampling in the integrative mode at low flow rates <0.1 m s-1 and/or for short sampling times. The duration of linear uptake was particularly short for sulfamethoxazole (1 day) and longer for clarithromycin (5 days). At 0.03 m s-1 and 12-14 °C, the sampling rate of SDB disks was 0.09 L day-1 for clarithromycin, 0.14 L day-1 for sulfamethoxazole and 0.25 L day -1 for carbamazepine. The results show that under controlled conditions, SDB disks can be effectively used as passive sampling devices.

AB - There is an increasing need to monitor concentrations of polar organic contaminants in the aquatic environment. Integrative passive samplers can be used to assess time weighted average aqueous concentrations, provided calibration data are available and sampling rates are known. The sampling rate depends on environmental factors, such as temperature and water flow rate. Here we introduce an apparatus to investigate the sampling properties of passive samplers using river-like flow conditions and ambient environmental matrices: river water and treated sewage effluent. As a model sampler we selected Empore™ SDB-RPS disks in a Chemcatcher housing. The disks were exposed for 1 to 8 days at flow rates between 0.03 and 0.4 m s-1. Samples were analysed using a bioassay for estrogenic activity and by LC-MS-MS target analysis of the pharmaceuticals sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine and clarithromycin. In order to assess sampling rates of SDB disks, we also measured aqueous concentrations of the pharmaceuticals. Sampling rates increased with increasing flow rate and this relationship was not affected by the environmental matrix. However, SDB disks were only sampling in the integrative mode at low flow rates <0.1 m s-1 and/or for short sampling times. The duration of linear uptake was particularly short for sulfamethoxazole (1 day) and longer for clarithromycin (5 days). At 0.03 m s-1 and 12-14 °C, the sampling rate of SDB disks was 0.09 L day-1 for clarithromycin, 0.14 L day-1 for sulfamethoxazole and 0.25 L day -1 for carbamazepine. The results show that under controlled conditions, SDB disks can be effectively used as passive sampling devices.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37849000529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37849000529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/b710790k

DO - 10.1039/b710790k

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 119

EP - 128

JO - Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts

JF - Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts

SN - 2050-7887

IS - 1

ER -