The Role of Nitric Oxide in Experimental Cerulein Induced Pancreatitis

Soon Ho Um, Yong Dae Kwon, Chang Duck Kim, Hong Sik Lee, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Sang Woo Lee, Jae Hyun Choi, Ho Sang Ryu, Jin Hai Hyun

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An enhanced formation of nitric oxide (NO), due to the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has been implicated in the pathogenesis of shock and inflammation, but its role in acute pancreatitis still remains controversial. To clarify the role of NO in acute pancreatitis, the present experiment investigated the expression of iNOS and the effect of NOS inhibition on cerulein-induced pancreatitis in rats. Group I received intraperitoneal (ip) injection of normal saline. Group II received two ip injections of cerulein (20 μg/kg). Group III received injections of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (30 mg/kg) with cerulein. Group IV received L-arginine (250 mg/kg) with cerulein and L-NAME. The expression of iNOS in the pancreas was examined by western blot analysis. The plasma concentration of NO metabolites was measured. The severity of pancreatitis was assessed by measuring serum amylase, pancreas water content and histopathological examination. Compared with controls, the cerulein group displayed significantly increased expression of iNOS and raised plasma NO metabolites. Treatment with L-NAME significantly decreased hyperamylasemia, plasma NO level, and the extent of pancreatic injury. Treatment with L-arginine reversed the effects of L-NAME. These findings suggest that an enhanced formation of NO by iNOS plays an important role in the development of acute pancreatitis, and inhibition of NO production has the beneficial effects in reducing pancreas injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-526
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug

Keywords

  • Acute necrotizing
  • Caerulein
  • Inducible nitric-oxide synthase
  • Nitric oxide
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Um, S. H., Kwon, Y. D., Kim, C. D., Lee, H. S., Jeen, Y. T., Chun, H. J., Lee, S. W., Choi, J. H., Ryu, H. S., & Hyun, J. H. (2003). The Role of Nitric Oxide in Experimental Cerulein Induced Pancreatitis. Journal of Korean medical science, 18(4), 520-526. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2003.18.4.520