The soluble amino-terminal region of HVEM mediates efficient herpes simplex virus type 1 infection of gD receptor-negative cells

Hyunjung Baek, Jae-Hong Kim, Yoon Tae Noh, Heechung Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Previous studies from our own and other labs reported the surprising finding that the soluble V domain of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) entry receptor nectin-1 can both block HSV infection of receptor-bearing cells and mediate infection of receptor-deficient cells. Here we show that this property is not unique to nectin-1. We generated a pair of truncated, soluble forms of the other major HSV-1 entry receptor, herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM or HveA), and examined its effects on HSV-1 infection of receptor-deficient cells. Results: In cultures of CHO-K1 cells, sHveA 102comprising the two amino-terminal cysteine-rich pseudorepeats (CRPs) of HVEM enabled infection of greater than 80% of the cells at an MOI of 3, while sHveA 162comprising the complete ectodomain failed to mediate infection. Both sHveA 102and sHveA 162blocked infection of CHO-K1 cells stably expressing HVEM in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that both were capable of binding to viral gD. We found that sHveA 102-mediated infection involves pH-independent endocytosis whereas HSV infection of HVEM-expressing CHO-K1 cells is known to be pH-dependent. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the C-terminal portion of the soluble HVEM ectodomain inhibits gD activation and that this effect is neutralized in the full-length form of HVEM in normal infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalVirology Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 16



  • gD
  • HSV-1
  • HVEM/HveA
  • Soluble entry receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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