The transport behavior of As, Cu, Pb, and Zn during electrokinetic remediation of a contaminated soil using electrolyte conditioning

Jung Seok Yang, Man Jae Kwon, Jaeyoung Choi, Kitae Baek, Edward J. O'Loughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrokinetic remediation (also known as electrokinetics) is a promising technology for removing metals from fine-grained soils. However, few studies have been conducted regarding the transport behavior of multi-metals during electrokinetics. We investigated the transport of As, Cu, Pb, and Zn from soils during electrokinetics, the metal fractionation before and after electrokinetics, the relationships between metal transport and fractionation, and the effects of electrolyte conditioning. The main transport mechanisms of the metals were electroosmosis and electromigration during the first two weeks and electromigration during the following weeks. The direction of electroosmotic flow was from the anode to the cathode, and the metals in the dissolved and reducible-oxides fractions were transported to the anode or cathode by electromigration according to the chemical speciation of the metal ions in the pore water. Moreover, a portion of the metals that were initially in the residual fraction transitioned to the reducible and soluble fractions during electrokinetic treatment. However, this alteration was slow and resulted in decreasing metal removal rates as the electrokinetic treatment progressed. In addition, the use of NaOH, H3PO4, and Na2SO4 as electrolytes resulted in conditions that favored the precipitation of metal hydroxides, phosphates, and sulfates in the soil. These results demonstrated that metal removal was affected by the initial metal fractionation, metal speciation in the pore solution, and the physical-chemical parameters of the electrolytes, such as pH and electrolyte composition. Therefore, the treatment time, use of chemicals, and energy consumption could be reduced by optimizing pretreatment and by choosing appropriate electrolytes for the target metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume117
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Remediation
conditioning
electrolyte
Electrolytes
remediation
Metals
Soils
metal
Electromigration
Fractionation
fractionation
electrokinetics
contaminated soil
Anodes
Cathodes
Hydroxides
Chemical speciation
Electroosmosis
speciation (chemistry)
soil

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Electrokinetics
  • Electromigration
  • Electroosmosis
  • Sequential extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

The transport behavior of As, Cu, Pb, and Zn during electrokinetic remediation of a contaminated soil using electrolyte conditioning. / Yang, Jung Seok; Kwon, Man Jae; Choi, Jaeyoung; Baek, Kitae; O'Loughlin, Edward J.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 117, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 79-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Jung Seok ; Kwon, Man Jae ; Choi, Jaeyoung ; Baek, Kitae ; O'Loughlin, Edward J. / The transport behavior of As, Cu, Pb, and Zn during electrokinetic remediation of a contaminated soil using electrolyte conditioning. In: Chemosphere. 2014 ; Vol. 117, No. 1. pp. 79-86.
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