The bleeding disorder hemophilia A (HA) is caused by a single-gene (F8) defect and its clinical symptom can be substantially improved by a small increase in the plasma coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) level. In this study, we used F8-defective human induced pluripotent stem cells from an HA patient (F8d-HA hiPSCs) and F8-corrected (F8c) HA hiPSCs produced by CRISPR/Cas9 genome engineering of F8d–HA hiPSCs. We obtained a highly enriched population of CD157+ cells from CRISPR/Cas9-edited F8c-HA hiPSCs. These cells exhibited multiple cellular and functional phenotypes of endothelial cells (ECs) with significant levels of FVIII activity, which was not observed in F8d-HA hiPSC-ECs. After transplantation, the engineered F8c–HA hiPSC-ECs dramatically changed bleeding episodes in HA animals and restored plasma FVIII activity. Notably, grafting a high dose of ECs substantially reduced the bleeding time during multiple consecutive bleeding challenges in HA mice, demonstrating a robust hemostatic effect (90% survival). Furthermore, the engrafted ECs survived more than 3 months in HA mice and reversed bleeding phenotypes against lethal wounding challenges. We also produced F8c-HA hiPSC-derived 3D liver organoids by assembling three different cell types in microwell devices and confirmed its therapeutic effect in HA animals. Our data demonstrate that the combination of genome-engineering and iPSC technologies represents a novel modality that allows autologous cell-mediated gene therapy for treating HA.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Apr|
- Endothelial cells
- Hemophilia A
- Induced pluripotent stem cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials